GATE (Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering) English History of English Literature Study Material (Page 10 of 26)

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Allegory: Concept, Types, Genres

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Concept

  • An allegory is a narrative in prose or verse which has two levels of meaning. The narrative has a literal meaning which is obvious, however, it also has a deeper secondary meaning. The English term “allegory” is derived from the Latin word “allegoria” which refers to veiled or figurative meaning. This narrative device has been utilized by authors throughout history to present complex ideas in a manner that is comprehensible to the reader. Typically, an allegorical narrative aims to communicate a larger moral, social, or political message.
  • Personification is a literary device that is frequently employed in…

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Pastoral Literature: Concept, Types of Pastoral Literature

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Concept

  • The pastoral was first introduced by the Greek poet Theocritus. In the third century BC, Theocritus wrote poems representing the lives of Sicilian shepherds. The term “Pastor” refers to a shepherd, thus, Theocritus՚ poems constituted the first example of pastoral poetry.
  • Later, the Roman poet Virgil imitated Theocritus in his Latin Eclogues. Virgil was responsible for establishing the model of the traditional pastoral poem. This was a model which would be followed by poets for many years to come. As represented by Virgil, the pastoral was a highly conventional poem which expressed the urban poet՚s nostalgic and idealized conception of rural life. The pastoral envisioned that the r…

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