GATE (Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering) Economics: Questions 1111 - 1114 of 1256

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Passage

Read the passage carefully and answer the questions that follows

The objectives of public finance are to ensure macroeconomic stability, achieve the desired state of distribution, and provide public services to accelerate growth and development. Fiscal policy has both macro and microeconomic aspects. Further, the objectives include allocating resources for the provision of public services. The important point is that ensuring security and protection of property rights is a basic public good and this can be provided only by the government. The governments have the task of distributing incomes and alleviating poverty.

After the Great Depression and influenced by Keynesian economics, public spending was assigned a central role. Thus, the role of public finance is inextricably linked to the role of the state. From merely ensuring safety, security and property rights, governments have expanded their activities to providing a variety of public services with externalities. The expansion has been a subject matter of debate. Musgrave considers that the expansion of the public sector has been a necessary and constructive development and strong public sector is needed along with the capitalist market. In contrast, Buchanan argues that dispute arises when the state expands to areas beyond the realm of boundaries of the protective state into a productive or tax-transfer state.

In India, state intervention through public finance policy has to play an important role besides ensuring the safety and security of people and their property rights. These include the need to overcome large social and physical infrastructure deficit, provide correctives to missing and imperfect markets, introduce measures to reduce acute inequalities and poverty and provide correctives to widespread information asymmetry. Interventions are needed also to provide externalities in terms of market development, irrigation, storage, and price support in agriculture to deal with market imperfections and supply volatility. Similarly, generalized externalities have to be ensured for the manufacturing and service sectors through competitive levels of infrastructure. India՚s public finance policies have enabled the government to play a catalytic role in the development of the economy as a whole. In addition, over the years, there has been a significant increase in transfers from the government such as for employment guarantee and food security, national housing scheme, Swachchh Bharat Abhiyan, Ujjawala Yojana, Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi, periodic loan waives, etc.

Question 1111 (2 of 5 Based on Passage)

Appeared in Year: 2020 (UGC NET)

Question

MCQ▾

Which one of the following does NOT fall in the category of government transfers?

(September Evening Shift)

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

Education

b.

National Housing

c.

Periodic loan waivers

d.

Swachchh Bharat Abhiyan

Question 1112 (3 of 5 Based on Passage)

Appeared in Year: 2020 (UGC NET)

Question

MCQ▾

The externalities of the government intervention in the economy can be found in terms of

A. Market development

B. Money supply

C. Storage and price support in agriculture

D. Irrigation

Choose the correct answer from the options given below:

(September Evening Shift)

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

A, B and D only

b.

A and D only

c.

A, B and C only

d.

A, C and D only

Question 1113 (4 of 5 Based on Passage)

Appeared in Year: 2020 (UGC NET)

Question

MCQ▾

The statement, “Dispute arises when the state expands to areas beyond the realm of boundaries of the protective state into a productive or tax-transfer state,” was given by (September Evening Shift)

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

Dalton

b.

Keynes

c.

Buchanan

d.

Musgrave

Question 1114 (5 of 5 Based on Passage)

Appeared in Year: 2020 (UGC NET)

Question

MCQ▾

Which one of the following objectives of public finance is NOT correct? (September Evening Shift)

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

Ensure reduction of adverse balance of payments

b.

Accelerate growth and development

c.

Ensure macroeconomic stability

d.

Desired state of distribution

Developed by: