GATE (Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering) Architecture: Questions 1 of 11

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» Architecture and Design » Vernacular and Traditional Architecture

Appeared in Year: 2011

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Question

Rose Window is an iconic feature of

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

St Peter’s, Rome

b.

Notre Dame, Paris

c.

Hagia Sophia, Istanbul

d.

Victoria Memorial, Kolkata

Answer

b.

Explanation

  • A rose window or Catherine window is often used as a generic term applied to a circular window, but is especially used for those found in churches of the Gothic architectural style and being divided into segments by stone mullions and tracery.
  • Notre Dame, Paris (1163 - 1240): Notre-Dame de Paris also known as Notre-Dame Cathedral or simply Notre-Dame, is a medieval Catholic cathedral in the fourth arrondissement of Paris, France. The cathedral is widely considered to be one of the finest examples of French Gothic architecture, and it is among the largest and best known church buildings in the Catholic Church in France, and in the world. The innovative use of the rib vault and the flying buttress; the tall spires, the enormous and colorful Rose windows, the naturalism and abundance of its sculptural decoration set it apart from earlier Romanesque architecture.
Image of Rose Windows

Image of Rose Windows

Image of Rose Windows

  • Hagia Sophia, Istanbul (532 - 537 AD): Hagia Sophia, Turkish Ayasofya, Latin Sancta Sophia, also called Church of the Holy Wisdom or Church of the Divine Wisdom, cathedral built at Constantinople (now Istanbul, Turkey) in the 6th century (532–537) under the direction of the Byzantine emperor Justinian I. By general consensus, it is the most important Byzantine structure and one of the world’s great monuments.
Image of Hagia Sophia, Istanbul

Image of Hagia Sophia, Istanbul

Image of Hagia Sophia, Istanbul

  • St. Peter’s, Rome: The Papal Basilica of St. Peter in the Vatican or simply St. Peter’s Basilica is an Italian Renaissance church in Vatican City, the papal enclave within the city of Rome. Designed principally by Donato Bramante, Michelangelo, Carlo Maderno and Gian Lorenzo Bernini, St. Peter’s is the most renowned work of Renaissance architecture and the largest church in the world. While it is neither the mother church of the Catholic Church nor the cathedral of the Diocese of Rome, St. Peter’s is regarded as one of the holiest Catholic shrines. It has been described as “holding a unique position in the Christian world” and as “the greatest of all churches of Christendom”

  • Victoria Memorial, Kolkata

    • When was it built: Built between 1906 to 1921

    • Who built it: Conceptualized by George Curzon, Viceroy of India

    • Where is it located: Kolkata, West Bengal, India

    • Why was it built: To commemorate Queen Victoria

    • Architectural Style: Indo-Saracenic revivalist style

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