Reading Comprehension-Prose or Drama (CTET Paper-II English): Questions 118 - 121 of 133

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Passage

It is a common belief that the ultimate cause of our backwardness in most fields is illiteracy. Campaigns for the eradication of this drawback gathered momentum in the past four decades after independence. The results are as expected, dramatic. However, while the percentage of literacy in India is going up, the number of illiterates has also been increasing, which is really incredible. Thus according to the 1991 census figures, there were 503 million illiterates in the country, 30 million more than in 1981. During the same period, the percentage of literacy went up from 34 to 39 percent. There is no need of any sophisticated technique to explain the cause of the paradox, as it is obviously the result of the rapid growth of population. The rapid growth of population has outpaced whatever little progress had been achieved in literacy. For instance, from 1971 to 1981, literacy increased at an annual average rate of 0.7 percent, while the country’s population grew by 2.15 percent every year. In the following decade the average rate of annual increase in literacy was 0.95 percent, whereas the population grew by almost 2.85 percent every year during that decade. But population explosion is not entirely responsible for the growing number of illiterates. The apathy of most states in failing to tackle the problem of adult illiteracy is also partly to blame. Till now, they have shown little awareness of the magnitude of the problem. Moreover, follow-up measures to prevent neo-literates from relapsing into illiteracy are just as important as the initial adult literacy campaigns. In this case too, the State Education Authorities are negligent. Not sufficient provision has been made for ‘continued education’. This can be done by setting up more rural libraries, adult schools and correspondence courses.

Question number: 118 (3 of 9 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Reading Comprehension » Prose or Drama

MCQ▾

Question

Which of the following is the same in meaning as the word ‘outpaced’ as used in the passage?

Choices

Choice (4) Response
a.

nullified

b.

spoiled

c.

ruled out

d.

surpassed

Question number: 119 (4 of 9 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Reading Comprehension » Prose or Drama

MCQ▾

Question

According to the passage, the problem could have been tackled by which one or more of the following measures?

Choices

Choice (4) Response
a.

Providing continued education to neo-literates.

b.

Making the adult literacy campaign more effective.

c.

Checking the growth of population.

d. Both a. and b. are correct

Question number: 120 (5 of 9 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Reading Comprehension » Prose or Drama

MCQ▾

Question

Which of the following has been referred to as a paradox?

Choices

Choice (4) Response
a.

The literacy percentage and the number of illiterates are both increasing

b.

The literacy percentage increases in proportion to the rate of increase in population

c.

The literacy percentage increases and the number of illiterates decreases

d.

The literacy percentage increases in proportion to the rate of in population

Question number: 121 (6 of 9 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Reading Comprehension » Prose or Drama

MCQ▾

Question

Which of the following statements are not true in the context of the passage?

Choices

Choice (4) Response
a.

The cause of the paradox mentioned in the passage can be explained by using sophisticated techniques.

b.

Adequate number of libraries and adult schools are not available in our country.

c.

Which of the following statements are not true in the context of the passage?

d. Both a. and c. are correct

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