Reading Comprehension (CTET (Central Teacher Eligibility Test) Paper-II English): Questions 163 - 166 of 191

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Passage

In the town of Agra there lives a rich businessman. But he was also quite a miser. Various people used to flock outside his house everyday hoping for some kind of generosity, but they always had to return home disappointed. He used to award them off with false promises and then never lived up to his word. Then one day, a poet named Raidas arrived at his house and said that he wanted to read out his poems to the rich man. As the rich man was very fond of poetry, he welcomed him in with open arms.

Raidas started to recite all his poems one by one. The rich man was very pleased and especially so when he heard had written on him. In those days, it was a custom for rich men and kings to show their appreciation through a reward or a gift, as that was the only means of earning that a poor poet possessed. So the rich man promised Raidas some gifts and asked him to come and collect them the next day. Raidas was pleased.

The next morning when he arrived at the house, the rich man pretended that he had never laid eyes on him before. When Raidas reminded him of his promise, he said that although Raidas was a good poet he liked the poem which was written on him and the rest of the poems were very ordinary. He also said that he had earlier promised a reward to Raidas not because he was really pleased or impressed, but to simply encourage him. Raidas was extremely upset, but as there was nothing that he could do, he quietly left the house. On his home way he met his brother Kuber who was riding a horse. So, he stopped him and asked for his help after narrating the whole incident. Kuber took him to his own house in order to come up with a plan. After giving it some thought he asked Raidas to go to a friend’s house with five gold coins and request the friend to plan a dinner where the rich man would also be invited. He then narrated his plan to him.

Raidas had one trustworthy friend whose name was Mayadas. So, he went up to him and told him the plan. The next day, Mayadas went to the rich man’s house and invited him for dinner. He said that he intended to serve his guests in vessels of gold, which the guests would get to take homeafter the meal. The rich man was thrilled to hear this and jumped at the offer. After ‘the rich man arrived at Mayadas’ house, he was surprised to see no other guests there but Raidas. Anynow, they welcomed him in and started a polite conversation. The rich man had come on an empty stomach and so was getting hungrier by the minute.

Finally, at midnight, the rich man could bear his hunger no longer and asked Mayadas to serve the food. Mayadas sounded extremely surprises when he asked him what food was he talking about. The rich man tried to remind him that he had been invited for dinner. At this point Raidas asked him for proof of the invitation. The rich man had no answer. At that point Raidas reminded the rich man of the same treatment that he had done with him. The rich man realised his mistake and begged for forgiveness. He said that Raidas was a good poet and had not asked him for any reward. He himself had promised to give him some gifts and then cheated him out of them. To make up for his mistake, he took out the necklace that he was wearing and gifted it to Raidas. Then, they all sat down at eat a happy meal.

Question number: 163 (7 of 8 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Reading Comprehension » Prose or Drama

MCQ▾

Question

Why was the rich businessman thrilled on being invited over to dinner by Mayadas?

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

had ever invited him over for dinner since he was very miserly

b.

He was thrilled to have dinner for free

c.

No one had ever invited him over for dinner since he was very miserly

d.

None of the above

Question number: 164 (8 of 8 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Reading Comprehension » Prose or Drama

MCQ▾

Question

Choose the word which is similar in meaning to the word ‘means’ as used in the passage-

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

Type

b.

Thing

c.

Source

d.

Money

Passage

There is a fairly universal sentiment that the use of nuclear weapon is clearly contrary to morality and that its production probably so, does not for enough. These activities are not only opposed to morality but also to law and if the legal objection can be added to the moral, the argument against the use and the manufacture of these weapons will considerably be reinforced. Now the time is ripe to evaluate the responsibility of scientists who knowingly use their expertise for the construction of such weapons which have deleterious effect on mankind.

To this must be added the fact that more than 50 percent of the skilled scientific manpower in the world is now engaged in the armaments industry. How appropriate it is that all this valuable skill should be devoted to the manufacture of weapons of death in a world of poverty is a question that must touch the scientific conscience.

A meeting of biologists on the long term world wide biological consequences of Nuclear War added frightening dimensions to those forecasts. Its report suggested that the long biological effects resulting from climatic changes may at least be as serious as the immediate ones.

Sub-freezing temperatures, low light levels and high dose of ionizing and ultraviolet radiation extending for many months after a large-scale nuclear war could destroy the biological support systems of civilization, at least in the Northern Hemisphere. Productivity in natural and agricultural ecosystems could be severely restricted for a year or more. Post-war survivors would face starvation as well as freezing conditions in the dark and be exposed to near lethal dose of radiation. If, as now seems possible, the Southern Hemisphere were affected also, global disruption of the biosphere would ensue. In any event, there would be severe consequences, even in the areas not affected directly of the interdependence of the world economy. In either case the extinction of a large fraction of the earth’s animals, plant and micro organism seems possible. The population size of Homosapiens conceivably could be reduced to pre-historic levels or below and extinction of the human species itself cannot be excluded.

Question number: 165 (1 of 9 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Reading Comprehension » Prose or Drama

MCQ▾

Question

The author’s most important objective of writing the above passage seems to-

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

summarise the long biological effects of use of nuclear weapons

b.

explain scientifically the climatic changes resulting from use of nuclear weapons

c.

highlight the use of nuclear weapons as an effective population control measure

d.

illustrate the devastating effects of use of nuclear weapons on mankind

Question number: 166 (2 of 9 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Reading Comprehension » Prose or Drama

MCQ▾

Question

The author of the passage seems to be of the view that-

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

spending money on manufacture of weapons may be justifiable subject to the availability of funds

b.

utilization of valuable knowledge for manufacture of lethal weapons is inappropriate

c.

utilization of scientific skills in manufacture of weapons is appropriate

d.

the evaluation of the scientists’ expertise show their incompetence

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