Reading Comprehension (CTET Paper-II English): Questions 136 - 139 of 191

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Passage

Democracy, so long as it is what it is, imperfectly educated, throws a great responsibility on the leaders. The average voter even in educated England has no opinion of his own on many questions. He chooses his party by tradition or by his agreement with its central aims in those matters on which he had strong views. On other questions he takes his opinions from the leads. His conscience is clear when the party is chosen and for the rest the leaders decide; and the voters obey. In a complex social machine, it is difficult for the units to exercise thought. It is more easy to be obedient automata. It does not even pay to think. Perhaps thought may prove costly. If the leaders want to create public opinion, the machinery of the press and the wireless makes it most easy. Modern conditions afford propagandists vastly increased opportunities of promoting collective excitement and setting the world in a conflagration. A few clever and adventurous leaders can excite people’s passions and suppress intellectual freedom. In these circumstances, truth does not win as there is no attempt to find out truth.

Question number: 136 (7 of 9 Based on Passage) Show Passage

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MCQ▾

Question

Which of the following statements expressed most accurately the idea contained in the last sentence of the paragraph?

Choices

Choice (4) Response
a.

Some adventurous leaders encourage people’s free thinking in an effort to get down to the true state of things

b.

When public fury is aroused by cunning leaders some people are fed on lies

c.

At a time when clever leaders fan public feelings, nobody wants to know the truth which thus gets lost

d.

An overambitious leader infuriates the mob and thus spreads falsehoods to serve his own ends

Question number: 137 (8 of 9 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Reading Comprehension » Prose or Drama

MCQ▾

Question

The statement “it does not even pay to think” means that-

Choices

Choice (4) Response
a.

thoughtful persons are condemned

b.

thinking brings no advantage

c.

thinking is not allowed

d.

thinking is actually discouraged

Question number: 138 (9 of 9 Based on Passage) Show Passage

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MCQ▾

Question

According to the author, it is most convenient for a leader to “create public opinion” because-

Choices

Choice (4) Response
a.

the average voter has no opinion of his own

b.

he had been chose by the public whom he represents

c.

even an educated voter takes his opinion from the leader

d.

the modern means of mass communication are readily available to him

Passage

Once upon a time, there lives a herd of elephants at the bottom of the majestic Himalayas. Their leader was a rare white elephant who was indeed an extremely kind-hearted soul. He greatly loved his mother who had grown blind and feeble and could not look out for herself. Each day this white elephant would go deep into the forest in search of food. He would look for the best of fruits to sent to his mother through other elephants of the herd. But his mother never received any. This was because the other members of the herd would always eat that food up themselves. Each night, when he returned home he would be surprised to hear that his mother had been starving all day. He was absolutely disgusted with his herd. Then one day, he decided to leave them all behind and disappeared in the middle of the night along with his dear mother. He took her to Mount Cadorana to live in a cave besides a beautiful lake. It so happened that one day, when the white elephant was feeding, he heard loud cries. A forester from Banaras had lost his way in the forest and was absolutely terrified. The white elephant told him not to worry as he knew every inch of this forest and could take him to safety. He then lifted him on to his back and carried him to the edge of the forest from where the forester went on his merry way back to Banaras. Oh reaching the city, he heard that King’s personal elephant had just died and the King was looking for a new elephant. His heralds were roaming the city, “announcing that any man who had seen or heard of an elephant fit for a King should come forward with the information. The forester was very excited and immediately went up to the King and told him about the white elephant that he had seen on Mount Candorana. The King was quite pleased with the information and immediately dispatched a number of soldiers and elephant trainers along with the forester. After travelling for many days, the group reached ________ besides which the elephants resided. They slowly crept down to the edge of the lake and hid behind the bushes. The white elephant was collecting lotus shoots for his mother’s meal and could sense the presence of humans. When he looked up, he spotted the forester and realised that it was he who had the King’s men to him. He was very upset at the ingratitude but decided not to put up a struggle as many of the men would be killed. And he was just too kind to hurt anyone. So he decided to go along with them to Banaras and then seek a solution to this problem. On reaching the beautiful city of Banaras, the trainers laid out a feast for their new State elephant but he refused to touch a morsel. He did not respond to any kind of stimuli, be it the fragrant flowers or the beautiful and comfortable stable. He just sat there looking completely despondent. The king was extremely concerned. He offered the elephant food from the royal table and asked him why he grieved in this manner. The white elephant replied that he would not eat a thing until he met his mother back home on Mount Candorana as she must be hungry because she was blind and had no one to feed her and take care of her. He was afraid that she would die. The compassionate King was touched by the elephant’s story and assured him that his soldiers would bring his old mother to the palace as soon as possible. The king kept his promise and his soldiers took good care of his mother for as long as she lived. She blessed the kind King with peace, prosperity and joy till the end of his days. In this way the white elephant could serve the king and also got the royal perks at the king’s palace along with his mother.

Question number: 139 (1 of 9 Based on Passage) Show Passage

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MCQ▾

Question

Why did the white elephant’s mother never receive the fruits sent by her son?

Choices

Choice (4) Response
a.

Because the ungrateful forester sold the fruits collected by the white elephant in Benaras

b.

The other members of the herd would eat up the fruits themselves instead of taking them to her

c.

The King’s soldiers blocked her food supply in order to make her weak and capture her to be taken to the king

d.

Because the King would never let any food sent by the white elephant reach his mother

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