Reading Comprehension (CTET Paper-II English): Questions 132 - 136 of 191

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Passage

Democracy, so long as it is what it is, imperfectly educated, throws a great responsibility on the leaders. The average voter even in educated England has no opinion of his own on many questions. He chooses his party by tradition or by his agreement with its central aims in those matters on which he had strong views. On other questions he takes his opinions from the leads. His conscience is clear when the party is chosen and for the rest the leaders decide; and the voters obey. In a complex social machine, it is difficult for the units to exercise thought. It is more easy to be obedient automata. It does not even pay to think. Perhaps thought may prove costly. If the leaders want to create public opinion, the machinery of the press and the wireless makes it most easy. Modern conditions afford propagandists vastly increased opportunities of promoting collective excitement and setting the world in a conflagration. A few clever and adventurous leaders can excite people’s passions and suppress intellectual freedom. In these circumstances, truth does not win as there is no attempt to find out truth.

Question number: 132 (3 of 9 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Reading Comprehension » Prose or Drama

MCQ▾

Question

The most suitable title for the given passage would be-

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

Democracy and intellectual freedom

b.

The role of leaders in a democracy

c.

Democracy and public opinion

d.

The role of voters in a democracy

Question number: 133 (4 of 9 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Reading Comprehension » Prose or Drama

MCQ▾

Question

According to the author, it is most convenient for a leader to “create public opinion” because-

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

the average voter has no opinion of his own

b.

he had been chose by the public whom he represents

c.

even an educated voter takes his opinion from the leader

d.

the modern means of mass communication are readily available to him

Question number: 134 (5 of 9 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Reading Comprehension » Prose or Drama

MCQ▾

Question

The statement “it does not even pay to think” means that-

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

thoughtful persons are condemned

b.

thinking brings no advantage

c.

thinking is not allowed

d.

thinking is actually discouraged

Question number: 135 (6 of 9 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Reading Comprehension » Prose or Drama

MCQ▾

Question

The opening sentence of the passage implies that-

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

in a democracy with uneducated masses the leaders are highly duty conscious

b.

a well educated democracy is based on responsible leadership

c.

the responsibility of educating a democracy lies with its leaders

d.

leaders in democracy with imperfectly educated voters have to shoulder great responsibility

Question number: 136 (7 of 9 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Reading Comprehension » Prose or Drama

MCQ▾

Question

The word ‘conflagration’ in the passage signifies-

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

widespread fire

b.

conflict

c.

confusion

d.

unforeseen calamity

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