CTET Paper-II English: Questions 51 - 55 of 191
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Recent advances in science and technology have made it possible for geneticists to find out abnormalities in the unborn foetus and take remedial action to rectify some defects which would otherwise prove to be fatal to the child. Though genetic engineering is still at its infancy, scientists can now predict with greater accuracy a genetic disorder. It is not yet an exact science since they are not in a position to predict when exactly a genetic disorder will set in. While they have not yet been able to change the genetic order of the gene in germs, they are optimistic and are holding out that in the near future they might be successful in achieving this feat. They have, however, acquired the ability in manipulating tissue cells. However, genetic mis-information, can sometimes be damaging for it may adversely affect people psychologically. Genetic information may lead to a tendency to brand some people as inferiors. Genetic information can therefore be abused and its application in deciding the sex of the foetus and its subsequent abortion is now hotly debated on ethical lines. But on this issue geneticists cannot be squarely blamed though this charge has often been levelled at them. It is mainly a social problem. At present genetic engineering is a costly process of detecting disorders but scientists hope to reduce the costs when technology becomes more advanced. This is why much progress in this area has been possible in scientifically advanced and rich countries like the USA, UK and Japan. It remains to be seen if in the future this science will lead to the development of a race of Supermen or will be able to obliterate disease from this world.
Question number: 51 (5 of 8 Based on Passage) Show Passage
Which of the following is true regarding the reasons for progress is genetic engineering?
It has become popular to abort female foetuses
Poor countries desperately need genetic information
Economically sound and scientifically advanced countries can provide the infrastructure for such research
Human beings are extremely interested in heredity
Question number: 52 (6 of 8 Based on Passage) Show Passage
Which of the following is not true of the genetic engineering movement?
Acquired ability to detect genetic disorders in unborn babies
It is confronted by ethical problems
Increased tendency to manipulate gene cells
Possibility of abuse
Question number: 53 (7 of 8 Based on Passage) Show Passage
The Road Not Taken
Two roads diverged in a yellow wood,
And sorry I could not travel both
And be one traveller, long I stood
And looked down one as far as I could
To where it bent in the undergrowth;
Then took the other, as just as fair,
And having perhaps the better claim,
Because it was grassy and wanted wear;
Though as for that the passing there
Had worn them really about the same,
And both that morning equally lay
In leaves no step had trodden black.
Oh, I kept the first for another day!
Yet knowing how way leads on to way,
I doubted if I should ever come back,
I shall be telling this with a sigh
Somewhere ages and ages hence
Two roads diverged in a wood, and I
I took the one less travelled by,
And that has made all the differences.
– Robert Frost