CTET Paper-II English: Questions 170 - 172 of 191

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Passage

There is a fairly universal sentiment that the use of nuclear weapon is clearly contrary to morality and that its production probably so, does not for enough. These activities are not only opposed to morality but also to law and if the legal objection can be added to the moral, the argument against the use and the manufacture of these weapons will considerably be reinforced. Now the time is ripe to evaluate the responsibility of scientists who knowingly use their expertise for the construction of such weapons which have deleterious effect on mankind.

To this must be added the fact that more than 50 percent of the skilled scientific manpower in the world is now engaged in the armaments industry. How appropriate it is that all this valuable skill should be devoted to the manufacture of weapons of death in a world of poverty is a question that must touch the scientific conscience.

A meeting of biologists on the long term world wide biological consequences of Nuclear War added frightening dimensions to those forecasts. Its report suggested that the long biological effects resulting from climatic changes may at least be as serious as the immediate ones.

Sub-freezing temperatures, low light levels and high dose of ionizing and ultraviolet radiation extending for many months after a large-scale nuclear war could destroy the biological support systems of civilization, at least in the Northern Hemisphere. Productivity in natural and agricultural ecosystems could be severely restricted for a year or more. Post-war survivors would face starvation as well as freezing conditions in the dark and be exposed to near lethal dose of radiation. If, as now seems possible, the Southern Hemisphere were affected also, global disruption of the biosphere would ensue. In any event, there would be severe consequences, even in the areas not affected directly of the interdependence of the world economy. In either case the extinction of a large fraction of the earth’s animals, plant and micro organism seems possible. The population size of Homosapiens conceivably could be reduced to pre-historic levels or below and extinction of the human species itself cannot be excluded.

Question number: 170 (6 of 9 Based on Passage) Show Passage

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MCQ▾

Question

The author’s most important objective of writing the above passage seems to-

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

summarise the long biological effects of use of nuclear weapons

b.

explain scientifically the climatic changes resulting from use of nuclear weapons

c.

highlight the use of nuclear weapons as an effective population control measure

d.

illustrate the devastating effects of use of nuclear weapons on mankind

Question number: 171 (7 of 9 Based on Passage) Show Passage

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MCQ▾

Question

Which of the following statements (A), (B) and/or c) is/are definitely true in the context of the passage?

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

The post-war survivors would be exposed to the risk of near-lethal radiation

b.

Living organisms in the areas which are not directly affected by the consequences of nuclear war would also suffer

c.

There is a likelihood of extinction of the human species as a consequence of nuclear war

d.

All a. , b. and c. are correct

Question number: 172 (8 of 9 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Reading Comprehension » Prose or Drama

MCQ▾

Question

It appears from the passage that the use of nuclear weapons is considered against morality by-

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

a minority group of scientists who have the necessary skill and correspondence

b.

only those nations which cannot afford to manufacture weapons

c.

almost all the nations of the world

d.

most of the scientists who devote their valuable skills to manufacture nuclear weapons

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