CTET Paper-II English: Questions 170 - 174 of 191
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There is a fairly universal sentiment that the use of nuclear weapon is clearly contrary to morality and that its production probably so, does not for enough. These activities are not only opposed to morality but also to law and if the legal objection can be added to the moral, the argument against the use and the manufacture of these weapons will considerably be reinforced. Now the time is ripe to evaluate the responsibility of scientists who knowingly use their expertise for the construction of such weapons which have deleterious effect on mankind.
To this must be added the fact that more than 50 percent of the skilled scientific manpower in the world is now engaged in the armaments industry. How appropriate it is that all this valuable skill should be devoted to the manufacture of weapons of death in a world of poverty is a question that must touch the scientific conscience.
A meeting of biologists on the long term world wide biological consequences of Nuclear War added frightening dimensions to those forecasts. Its report suggested that the long biological effects resulting from climatic changes may at least be as serious as the immediate ones.
Sub-freezing temperatures, low light levels and high dose of ionizing and ultraviolet radiation extending for many months after a large-scale nuclear war could destroy the biological support systems of civilization, at least in the Northern Hemisphere. Productivity in natural and agricultural ecosystems could be severely restricted for a year or more. Post-war survivors would face starvation as well as freezing conditions in the dark and be exposed to near lethal dose of radiation. If, as now seems possible, the Southern Hemisphere were affected also, global disruption of the biosphere would ensue. In any event, there would be severe consequences, even in the areas not affected directly of the interdependence of the world economy. In either case the extinction of a large fraction of the earth’s animals, plant and micro organism seems possible. The population size of Homosapiens conceivably could be reduced to pre-historic levels or below and extinction of the human species itself cannot be excluded.
Question number: 170 (6 of 9 Based on Passage) Show Passage
Which of the following is one of the consequences of Nuclear War?
Post-war survivors being very few will have abundant food
Lights would be cooler and more comfortable
Southern hemisphere would remain quite safe in the post-war period
Fertility of land will last only for a year or so
Question number: 171 (7 of 9 Based on Passage) Show Passage
Question number: 172 (8 of 9 Based on Passage) Show Passage
It appears from the passage that the use of nuclear weapons is considered against morality by-
a minority group of scientists who have the necessary skill and correspondence
only those nations which cannot afford to manufacture weapons
almost all the nations of the world
most of the scientists who devote their valuable skills to manufacture nuclear weapons
Question number: 173 (9 of 9 Based on Passage) Show Passage
It is a common belief that the ultimate cause of our backwardness in most fields is illiteracy. Campaigns for the eradication of this drawback gathered momentum in the past four decades after independence. The results are as expected, dramatic. However, while the percentage of literacy in India is going up, the number of illiterates has also been increasing, which is really incredible. Thus according to the 1991 census figures, there were 503 million illiterates in the country, 30 million more than in 1981. During the same period, the percentage of literacy went up from 34 to 39 percent. There is no need of any sophisticated technique to explain the cause of the paradox, as it is obviously the result of the rapid growth of population. The rapid growth of population has outpaced whatever little progress had been achieved in literacy. For instance, from 1971 to 1981, literacy increased at an annual average rate of 0.7 percent, while the country’s population grew by 2.15 percent every year. In the following decade the average rate of annual increase in literacy was 0.95 percent, whereas the population grew by almost 2.85 percent every year during that decade. But population explosion is not entirely responsible for the growing number of illiterates. The apathy of most states in failing to tackle the problem of adult illiteracy is also partly to blame. Till now, they have shown little awareness of the magnitude of the problem. Moreover, follow-up measures to prevent neo-literates from relapsing into illiteracy are just as important as the initial adult literacy campaigns. In this case too, the State Education Authorities are negligent. Not sufficient provision has been made for ‘continued education’. This can be done by setting up more rural libraries, adult schools and correspondence courses.
Question number: 174 (1 of 9 Based on Passage) Show Passage
Which of the following has been referred to as a paradox?
The literacy percentage and the number of illiterates are both increasing
The literacy percentage increases in proportion to the rate of increase in population
The literacy percentage increases and the number of illiterates decreases
The literacy percentage increases in proportion to the rate of in population