CTET Paper-II English: Questions 148 - 152 of 191

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Passage

Motivation for ruralism in underdeveloped countries are understandably different from those in developed countries. In the Third World countries, which are predominantly rural, the only lever that can lift human life above its present subhuman level, is rural development. Rural life in such countries has been stagnating for countries on end. Nothing worthwhile has been done to ameliorate the conditions of the rural population which is only slightly different from that of their quadruped counterpart. Ignorance, ill health and poverty have become synonyms of rural life in the undeveloped and underdeveloped countries. But the worst tragedy is that the concerned human populations have taken this state of affairs for granted, as something unalterable, something for which there is no remedy. Every ray of hope has gone out of their lives. In such countries, Rural Development is the inevitable condition of any material or non-material advancement. As such enlightened sections of all such countries have been taking ever growing interest in the question of Rural Development.

This was also part of the legacy of their freedom struggle. In countries like India, it is well-known that attempts at Rural Development were an inseparable part of the independence movement. Leaders like Gandhiji realised quite well that Real India lived in her stagnating villages. Cities, which were mostly the products of Western colonialism, were just artificial showpieces. Even there, there were two worlds. The posh areas, where the affluent few, mostly the products and custodians of imperial interest lives, were little islands engulfed by the vast ocean of dirt, represented by the vast majority of people.

Cities were by no means unknown to India, but in ancient India, they were integral parts, organically related to the rest of the country and society. But, modern cities are exotic centres of commercial and industrial exploitation. Cities in ancient India were the flowers of cultural and artistic excellence of the nation, modern cities are just parasites, preying on and debillitating the country.

Hence, Gandhiji started the ‘Go to Village Movement’ which along, according to him, could bring freedom to India and sustain it. Rural development had the pride of place in his strategy for the Nation’s freedom. Thus, it had its origin in the freedom struggle.

Question number: 148 (1 of 9 Based on Passage) Show Passage

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MCQ▾

Question

Which of the following best describes the two divergent worlds of the modern cities?

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

A few rich people and many poor people

b.

Commercial and industrial exploitation

c.

Posh area and affluent people

d.

Patrons of Western products and custodians of imperial interests

Question number: 149 (2 of 9 Based on Passage) Show Passage

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MCQ▾

Question

Which of the following is the ‘lever’ according to the passage?

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

Enlighten of the rural people by the city-dwellers

b.

Stagnation of rural life

c.

Non-material advancement

d.

Upliftment of the rural masses

Question number: 150 (3 of 9 Based on Passage) Show Passage

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MCQ▾

Question

People are taking growing interest in Rural Development because-

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

People are taking growing interest in Rural Development because-

b.

they have been suffering from severe health problems

c.

they have now become optimistic about it

d.

they have realised the indispensability of it

Question number: 151 (4 of 9 Based on Passage) Show Passage

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MCQ▾

Question

Which of the following is the worst tragedy according to the author?

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

The subhuman condition of the people

b.

Exploitation of the rural people by the city-dwellers

c.

The pessimism of the rural people about their own conditions

d.

Lack of realisation of the importance of rural development

Question number: 152 (5 of 9 Based on Passage) Show Passage

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MCQ▾

Question

The standard of living of human beings in the Third World countries is-

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

not far better than that of animals

b.

subhuman despite best efforts for improvement

c.

improving very rapidly

d.

immune to any improvement

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