CTET Paper-II English: Questions 136 - 138 of 191

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Passage

Democracy, so long as it is what it is, imperfectly educated, throws a great responsibility on the leaders. The average voter even in educated England has no opinion of his own on many questions. He chooses his party by tradition or by his agreement with its central aims in those matters on which he had strong views. On other questions he takes his opinions from the leads. His conscience is clear when the party is chosen and for the rest the leaders decide; and the voters obey. In a complex social machine, it is difficult for the units to exercise thought. It is more easy to be obedient automata. It does not even pay to think. Perhaps thought may prove costly. If the leaders want to create public opinion, the machinery of the press and the wireless makes it most easy. Modern conditions afford propagandists vastly increased opportunities of promoting collective excitement and setting the world in a conflagration. A few clever and adventurous leaders can excite people’s passions and suppress intellectual freedom. In these circumstances, truth does not win as there is no attempt to find out truth.

Question number: 136 (7 of 9 Based on Passage) Show Passage

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MCQ▾

Question

From the third sentence “He chooses his party by tradition…“, we understand that-

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

the average voter in England votes for a party because of tradition irrespective of his agreement or disagreement with its basic policies

b.

in England an average voter supports a party either as a practice or because of his agreement with its broad policies

c.

in a democracy one votes for a party with whose objectives and policies he agrees on all matters

d.

an English voter selects a party which strongly stands for traditional and popular beliefs

Question number: 137 (8 of 9 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Reading Comprehension » Prose or Drama

MCQ▾

Question

According to the author, it is most convenient for a leader to “create public opinion” because-

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

the average voter has no opinion of his own

b.

he had been chose by the public whom he represents

c.

even an educated voter takes his opinion from the leader

d.

the modern means of mass communication are readily available to him

Question number: 138 (9 of 9 Based on Passage) Show Passage

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MCQ▾

Question

“In a complex social machine…” the statement implies that-

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

it is difficult for an individual to challenge a complicated social machinery

b.

an individual finds it hard to formulate his own opinion in a complicated social structure

c.

in a society which works like a machine an individual cannot be permitted to have his own political ambitions

d.

in a mechanical age a person cannot have individual aspirations

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