CTET Paper-II English: Questions 127 - 131 of 191
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he greatest enemy of mankind, as people have discovered is not science, but war. Science merely reflects the social forces by which it is surrounded. It is found that when there is peace, science is constructive, when there is war, science is perverted to destructive ends. The weapons which science gives us do not necessarily create war, these makes ‘war increasingly more terrible. Until now, it has brought us to the doorstep of doom. Our main problem, therefore, is not to curb science, but to stop war to substitute law for force and international government for anarchy in the relations of one nation with another. This is a job in which everybody must participate, including the scientists. But the bomb of Hiroshima suddenly woke us up to the fact that we have very little time. The hour is late and our work has scarcely begun. Now we are face to face with this urgent question “Can education and tolerance, understanding and creative intelligence run fast enough to keep us abreast with our own mounting capacity to destroy? ” That is the question which we shall have to answer one way or the other in this generation. Science must help us in the answer, but the actual decision lies within ourselves.
Question number: 127 (1 of 3 Based on Passage) Show Passage
Question number: 128 (2 of 3 Based on Passage) Show Passage
War can be stopped, if-
we replace force and lawlessness by law and international government
science is not allowed to lead us to utter destruction
science is restricted to be utilised only during war time
weapons invented by science are not used to launch a war
Question number: 129 (3 of 3 Based on Passage) Show Passage
According to the author, the real enemy of mankind is not science but war, because-
the weapons invented by science do not cause war, though these make it more destructive
the weapons that science invents necessarily lead to war
science during wars is so destructive
science merely invents the weapons with which war is fought
Democracy, so long as it is what it is, imperfectly educated, throws a great responsibility on the leaders. The average voter even in educated England has no opinion of his own on many questions. He chooses his party by tradition or by his agreement with its central aims in those matters on which he had strong views. On other questions he takes his opinions from the leads. His conscience is clear when the party is chosen and for the rest the leaders decide; and the voters obey. In a complex social machine, it is difficult for the units to exercise thought. It is more easy to be obedient automata. It does not even pay to think. Perhaps thought may prove costly. If the leaders want to create public opinion, the machinery of the press and the wireless makes it most easy. Modern conditions afford propagandists vastly increased opportunities of promoting collective excitement and setting the world in a conflagration. A few clever and adventurous leaders can excite people’s passions and suppress intellectual freedom. In these circumstances, truth does not win as there is no attempt to find out truth.