CTET (Central Teacher Eligibility Test) Paper-II English: Questions 124 - 128 of 191

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Passage

In terms of the total energy consumed by different sectors, the largest consumer in understandably the industrial sector, which accounts for nearly half the total energy used in the country today. This is followed by the transport sector which consumed about 25%, the household sector (about 14%) and the agricultural sector (about 9%). This last sector has shown considerable increase in energy use over the last four decades. Among the primary fuels, the relative proportion of coal has dropped from nearly 80 % to 40 % and that of oil has gone up from 17 % to 44 % over the same period. Total energy consumption in India today is equivalent to 291 million tonnes of oil of which 26 % comes from wood. On a per capita basis it works out to about one litre of oil per day, which is extremely low by international standards. The future energy demand depends upon the level of development envisaged and also on the sections of people to be affected by it. The energy disparity between the urban and the rural population is at present as wide as between nations on a worldwide scale. There is apparently a greater need to provide energy in the rural areas and to improve the efficiency of energy use than merely to increase the national figures for energy consumption limiting its use to those who are getting’ the bulk share already. With the projected rate of population growth, improving upon the per capita energy consumption is a tough task as our coal reserves and the capacity to import oil cannot be increased beyond a point. There is clearly no escape from the utilisation of renewable energy sources in a big way if the gap between the desired levels of energy supply and available resources has to be kept at the minimum.

Question number: 124 (7 of 9 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Reading Comprehension » Prose or Drama

MCQ▾

Question

Which of the following has been suggested by the author as, the best possible solution to overcome energy crisis?

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

Importing large quantities of coal

b.

Maximisation of renewable sources

c.

Exploration of oil reserves

d.

Reducing share of bulk users

Question number: 125 (8 of 9 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Reading Comprehension » Prose or Drama

MCQ▾

Question

Which of the following styles have been adopted by the author?

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

Data-based, but coloured by socialism

b.

Unsubstantiated arguments and views

c.

Data based, objective, positive, solution oriented

d.

Highly subjective with bias for rural people

Question number: 126 (9 of 9 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Reading Comprehension » Prose or Drama

MCQ▾

Question

The author feels that increasing per capita use of energy is-

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

a matter of great difficulty

b.

not at all desirable

c.

a routine matter

d.

rather difficult, but not impossible

Passage

he greatest enemy of mankind, as people have discovered is not science, but war. Science merely reflects the social forces by which it is surrounded. It is found that when there is peace, science is constructive, when there is war, science is perverted to destructive ends. The weapons which science gives us do not necessarily create war, these makes ‘war increasingly more terrible. Until now, it has brought us to the doorstep of doom. Our main problem, therefore, is not to curb science, but to stop war to substitute law for force and international government for anarchy in the relations of one nation with another. This is a job in which everybody must participate, including the scientists. But the bomb of Hiroshima suddenly woke us up to the fact that we have very little time. The hour is late and our work has scarcely begun. Now we are face to face with this urgent question “Can education and tolerance, understanding and creative intelligence run fast enough to keep us abreast with our own mounting capacity to destroy? ” That is the question which we shall have to answer one way or the other in this generation. Science must help us in the answer, but the actual decision lies within ourselves.

Question number: 127 (1 of 3 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Reading Comprehension » Prose or Drama

MCQ▾

Question

According to the author, the real enemy of mankind is not science but war, because-

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

the weapons invented by science do not cause war, though these make it more destructive

b.

the weapons that science invents necessarily lead to war

c.

science during wars is so destructive

d.

science merely invents the weapons with which war is fought

Question number: 128 (2 of 3 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Reading Comprehension » Prose or Drama

MCQ▾

Question

War can be stopped, if-

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

we replace force and lawlessness by law and international government

b.

science is not allowed to lead us to utter destruction

c.

science is restricted to be utilised only during war time

d.

weapons invented by science are not used to launch a war

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