CTET (Central Teacher Eligibility Test) Paper-II Child-Development & Pedagogy Learning and Pedagogy-Motivation Revision (Page 1 of 5)

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What is Motivation?

  • Motivation can be defined as the processes that account for individual’s intensity, direction and persistence of effort towards attaining a goal. Motivation causes us to take action rather than just thinking.
  • A person, when motivated acts upon all his forces as biological, emotional, social and cognitive to achieve the goal.

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Components of Motivation

  • Motivation has three major elements: activation, persistence and intensity. Activation is the enthusiasm to start and initiate an action in the direction of goal. Intensity describes how hard a person tries. This is the most talked about element when we talk of motivation. Persistence measures how long a person can maintain effort. Motivated individuals stay with a task long enough to achieve their goal.
  • Many theories of motivation have been brought up through research. Every theory

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Instinct Theory of Motivation

  • Instinct in a person i. e. their inner voice motivates the person to take an action or do something. Sometimes a person isn’t even aware of what he is doing; he does it on the basis of his instinct.
  • Many human instincts were named by William James which included attachment, play, shame, anger, fear, shyness, modesty and love. The theory was totally subjective and hence suffered criticisms and was done away with by modern researchers.

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