CTET (Central Teacher Eligibility Test) Paper-II Child-Development & Pedagogy Child Development (Primary School Child)-Piaget, Kohlberg and Vygotsky's Perspectives Revision (Page 2 of 3)

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Piaget’s Stages of Cognitive Development

1st Stage Sensory-Motor Period (0 - 2 Years)

Understanding 1st Stage Sensory-Motor Period (0 - 2 Years)

Substage

Age

Description

Example

Substage 1

Simple reflexes

Birth-1 month

Cognitive development at this stage is the response of child to the various forms of interactions given to him in due course.

The child sucks any object which is given or placed on his lips.

Substage 2

First habits and primary reactions

1 - 4 months

Infants try to coordinate all its actions into a single activity.

Actions of grabbing the object and sucking it will be combined by the baby.

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Kohlberg’s Theory of Moral Development

Lawrence Kohlberg modified the theory of Jean Piaget along with adding up his own views to form theory of moral reasoning.

Kohlberg’s theory proposed that children develop morally stage wise in a particular order but this development does not reach its peak till 13 years of age as their cognitive development is uncompleted till that age.

The Heinz Dilemma

Kohlberg conducted research and interviews with young children to form his theory. For this, he gave certain situations of d

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