Reading Comprehension-Prose or Drama (CTET Paper-I English): Questions 157 - 161 of 170

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Passage

In a cartoon, whenever someone has a bright new idea, a light bulb lights up over his head. What is the catalyst for ground breaking inventions? In his new book, the journalist Jonah Lehrer analyses some extraordinary and exceptional case studies.

The idea striked, when Arthur Fry, an engineer at 3 M, was day-dreaming in Church, thinking how irritating it was that the bookmarks he’d placed in his hymn book so frequently fell out. He, then remembered a 3 M colleague’s talk about a new glue he’d developed: a paste to feeble that it could barely hold two pieces of paper together. That weak glue, fry suddenly thought, might help him create the perfect bookmark, one that would stay put.

Elaborating such creation myths, Lehrer, a contributing editor at ‘Wired’ and contributor to ‘The New Yorker’ explains the mysteries of the imagination and the Science of innovation. Lehrer takes scientific concepts and makes them approachable to the lay reader while giving practical insights for self improvement tips along the way. With these suggestions, the book implies, you too might be able to maximise your creative output.

The 18th century philosopher David Hume, Lehrer notes, argued that invention was often an act of recombination, of compounding an idea or shifting it from one field to another. “Johannes Gutenberg transformed his knowledge of wine presses into an idea for a printing machine capable of mass producing words. George De Mestral came up with Velcro after noticing burrs clinging to the fur of his dog. In each case, Lehrer points out, “the radical concept was merely a new mixture of old ideas, ” and of thinking out of the box.

Question number: 157 (7 of 9 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Reading Comprehension » Prose or Drama

MCQ▾

Question

The example of how old ideas are mixed to create new ones is-

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

burns on dog fur giving rise to the idea of Velcro

b.

a printing machine capable or mass producing words

c.

printing machines transforming into wine presses

d.

observing burrs stuck on the fur of dogs

Question number: 158 (8 of 9 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Reading Comprehension » Prose or Drama

MCQ▾

Question

The expression, ‘thinking out of the box’ means-

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

thinking very fast

b.

thinking in a logical way

c.

thinking differently

d.

thinking while travelling

Question number: 159 (9 of 9 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Reading Comprehension » Prose or Drama

MCQ▾

Question

The best summary of Para 3 is-

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

Lehrer explains in simple terms how creativity works and suggests practical ways to develop one’s own creativity

b.

the author narrates creation myths and explains them to the readers to maximise their creativity

c.

the author, a contributing editor at wired, gives scientific tips on self improvement

d.

Lehrer, a contributing editor, gives practical advice on the mysteries of the imagination

Passage

It is very hard to reconcile the ideas of various schools of thought on the question of education. Some people maintain that pupils at school should concentrate on a narrow range of subjects, which will benefit them directly in their subsequent careers. Other contend that they should study a wide range of subjects, so that they have not only the specialised knowledge necessary for their chosen careers but also sound general knowledge about the world they will have to work and live in. Supporters of the first theory state that the greatest contributions to civilisation are made by those who are most expert in their trade on profession. Those on the other side say that, unless that have a broad general education, the experts will be too narrow in their outlook to have sympathy with their fellows or a proper sense of responsibility towards humanity as a whole.

Question number: 160 (1 of 9 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Reading Comprehension » Prose or Drama

MCQ▾

Question

According to the second school of thought, education will not be very effective if pupils-

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

ignore the study of fine arts

b.

have nothing but general knowledge

c.

have inadequate knowledge of their own work

d.

do not have a wide general education

Question number: 161 (2 of 9 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Reading Comprehension » Prose or Drama

MCQ▾

Question

The idea of the first school of thought in the passage is that-

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

students should study all the subjects they want to

b.

students should concentrate on studies

c.

students should not undertake any specialised work

d.

students should study a few subjects that will help them in their profession

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