Reading Comprehension-Prose or Drama (CTET Paper-I English): Questions 116 - 123 of 170

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Passage

The fossil remains of the first flying vertebrates, the ptrerosaurs have intrigued paleontologists for more than two centuries. How such large creatures, which had wingspans from 8 to 12 meters, solved the problems of powered flight and exactly who these creatures were reptiles or birds are among the questions scientists have puzzles over.

Perhaps the least controversial assertion about the pterosaurs is that they were reptiles. Their skulls, pelvises and hind feet are reptilian. The anatomy of their wings suggests that they did not evolve into the class of birds. In pterosaurs, a greatly elongated fourth finger of each forelimb supported a wing like membrane. In birds the second finger is the principle strut of the wing. If the pterosaur walked or remained stationary, the fourth finger and with it the wing, could only turn upward in an extended inverted V-shape alongside of the animal’s body. Both the pterosaurs and the birds have hollow bones, a feature that represents a saving in weight. In the birds, however, these bones are reinforced more massively by internal struts.

Although, scales typically cover reptiles, the pterosaurs probably had hairy coats. The recent discovery of a pterosaur specimen covered in long, dense and relatively thick hair like fossil material was the first clear evidence that this reasoning was correct. Efforts to explain how the pterosaurs became air borne have led to suggestions that they launched themselves by jumping from cliffs, by dropping from trees or even by rising into light winds from the crests of waves.

Question number: 116 (1 of 9 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Reading Comprehension » Prose or Drama

MCQ▾

Question

The skeleton of a pterosaur can be differentiated from a bird by the-

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

presence of hollow bones

b.

hook like projections at the hind feet

c.

size if its wings span

d.

the anatomy of its wing span

Question number: 117 (2 of 9 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Reading Comprehension » Prose or Drama

MCQ▾

Question

The elongated finger in the …. supported the outstretched wings.

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

Neither

b.

pterosaurs

c.

birds

d.

None of the above

Question number: 118 (3 of 9 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Reading Comprehension » Prose or Drama

MCQ▾

Question

It can be understood from the passage that scientists believe that the-

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

large wings help pterosaurs to fly great distances

b.

fossil remains explain how they flew

c.

pterosaurs walked on all fours

d.

hollow bones showed they evolved from bats

Question number: 119 (4 of 9 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Reading Comprehension » Prose or Drama

MCQ▾

Question

The pterosaurs flew by-

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

jumping off a mountain ledge

b.

momentum gained by running

c.

pushed by wind before take off

d.

jumping upwards with force

Question number: 120 (5 of 9 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Reading Comprehension » Prose or Drama

MCQ▾

Question

The synonym for ‘compressed’ from the passage is-

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

Strut

b.

dense

c.

light

d.

launch

Question number: 121 (6 of 9 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Reading Comprehension » Prose or Drama

MCQ▾

Question

The body of the pterosaurs was covered from -

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

fur

b.

scales

c.

features

d.

smooth skin

Question number: 122 (7 of 9 Based on Passage) Show Passage

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MCQ▾

Question

The antonym of ‘controversial’ is-

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

uncertain

b.

undisputed

c.

debatable

d.

questionable

Question number: 123 (8 of 9 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Reading Comprehension » Prose or Drama

MCQ▾

Question

Which is the trait of pterosaur?

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

They hung upside down like bats before flight

b.

Flew to capture prey

c.

Lived mostly in the forest

d.

Unable to fold their wing fully at rest

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