Reading Comprehension-Prose or Drama (CTET Paper-I English): Questions 113 - 119 of 170

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Passage

There was a time when the aged were considered as symbols of tradition, respect, wisdom and experience. They controlled and guided the destinies of all the members of joint families. Urbanisation and industrialisation have led to the breaking up of the joing family system and a new system of nuclear families emerged. The disintegration of joing families has had a negative impact on the elderly people. Many elderly people get ignored because of the nuclear set up of families. The aged are now seen as a burden and non-productive entity. Modernisation has led to the degradation of their position, status and authority. Their existence as integral part of the family is now uprooted. With the decline in their functional position as the head of the family, they have lost their authority, respect and prestige they used to command earlier. The changing values and the dependence of the aged on their sons and daughter in law has complicated the problems. The aged are marginalised, alienated and left out of mainstream. Neglect, lack of respect, verbal taunts, inter-actional stress and increasing gap in communication make the aged feel unwanted and unpleasant entities. The only peaceful place where they are being loved by others are old age homes. Under the existing circumstances the need for old age homes has certainly increased and they have become a must for the elderly to lead a peaceful and happy life among those who share and care for them.

Question number: 113 (7 of 9 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Reading Comprehension » Prose or Drama

MCQ▾

Question

We should behave more responsible and revise our-

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

moral values

b.

behaviour and conduct

c.

past

d.

strengths and weakness

Question number: 114 (8 of 9 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Reading Comprehension » Prose or Drama

MCQ▾

Question

Urbanisation and industrialisation has led to-

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

degradation of the families

b.

neglect and stress

c.

non-productive entity

d.

breakup of joint family set up

Question number: 115 (9 of 9 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Reading Comprehension » Prose or Drama

MCQ▾

Question

Neglect, lack of respect, verbal taunts, communication gap make the aged feel-

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

cared and concerned

b.

unavailable and outdated

c.

unwanted and unpleasant

d.

stressed and strained

Passage

The fossil remains of the first flying vertebrates, the ptrerosaurs have intrigued paleontologists for more than two centuries. How such large creatures, which had wingspans from 8 to 12 meters, solved the problems of powered flight and exactly who these creatures were reptiles or birds are among the questions scientists have puzzles over.

Perhaps the least controversial assertion about the pterosaurs is that they were reptiles. Their skulls, pelvises and hind feet are reptilian. The anatomy of their wings suggests that they did not evolve into the class of birds. In pterosaurs, a greatly elongated fourth finger of each forelimb supported a wing like membrane. In birds the second finger is the principle strut of the wing. If the pterosaur walked or remained stationary, the fourth finger and with it the wing, could only turn upward in an extended inverted V-shape alongside of the animal’s body. Both the pterosaurs and the birds have hollow bones, a feature that represents a saving in weight. In the birds, however, these bones are reinforced more massively by internal struts.

Although, scales typically cover reptiles, the pterosaurs probably had hairy coats. The recent discovery of a pterosaur specimen covered in long, dense and relatively thick hair like fossil material was the first clear evidence that this reasoning was correct. Efforts to explain how the pterosaurs became air borne have led to suggestions that they launched themselves by jumping from cliffs, by dropping from trees or even by rising into light winds from the crests of waves.

Question number: 116 (1 of 9 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Reading Comprehension » Prose or Drama

MCQ▾

Question

The skeleton of a pterosaur can be differentiated from a bird by the-

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

presence of hollow bones

b.

hook like projections at the hind feet

c.

size if its wings span

d.

the anatomy of its wing span

Question number: 117 (2 of 9 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Reading Comprehension » Prose or Drama

MCQ▾

Question

The synonym for ‘compressed’ from the passage is-

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

Strut

b.

dense

c.

light

d.

launch

Question number: 118 (3 of 9 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Reading Comprehension » Prose or Drama

MCQ▾

Question

The antonym of ‘controversial’ is-

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

uncertain

b.

undisputed

c.

debatable

d.

questionable

Question number: 119 (4 of 9 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Reading Comprehension » Prose or Drama

MCQ▾

Question

It can be understood from the passage that scientists believe that the-

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

large wings help pterosaurs to fly great distances

b.

fossil remains explain how they flew

c.

pterosaurs walked on all fours

d.

hollow bones showed they evolved from bats

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