Reading Comprehension (CTET Paper-I English): Questions 263 - 269 of 294

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Passage

In a cartoon, whenever someone has a bright new idea, a light bulb lights up over his head. What is the catalyst for ground breaking inventions? In his new book, the journalist Jonah Lehrer analyses some extraordinary and exceptional case studies.

The idea striked, when Arthur Fry, an engineer at 3 M, was day-dreaming in Church, thinking how irritating it was that the bookmarks he’d placed in his hymn book so frequently fell out. He, then remembered a 3 M colleague’s talk about a new glue he’d developed: a paste to feeble that it could barely hold two pieces of paper together. That weak glue, fry suddenly thought, might help him create the perfect bookmark, one that would stay put.

Elaborating such creation myths, Lehrer, a contributing editor at ‘Wired’ and contributor to ‘The New Yorker’ explains the mysteries of the imagination and the Science of innovation. Lehrer takes scientific concepts and makes them approachable to the lay reader while giving practical insights for self improvement tips along the way. With these suggestions, the book implies, you too might be able to maximise your creative output.

The 18th century philosopher David Hume, Lehrer notes, argued that invention was often an act of recombination, of compounding an idea or shifting it from one field to another. “Johannes Gutenberg transformed his knowledge of wine presses into an idea for a printing machine capable of mass producing words. George De Mestral came up with Velcro after noticing burrs clinging to the fur of his dog. In each case, Lehrer points out, “the radical concept was merely a new mixture of old ideas, ” and of thinking out of the box.

Question number: 263 (7 of 9 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Reading Comprehension » Prose or Drama

MCQ▾

Question

New ideas are born from-

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

day dreaming in Church

b.

using ground breaking inventions

c.

reading about scientific concepts

d.

thinking about old ideas in a new way

Question number: 264 (8 of 9 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Reading Comprehension » Prose or Drama

MCQ▾

Question

The passage in an extract from-

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

a story

b.

an essay

c.

a speech

d.

a book review

Question number: 265 (9 of 9 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Reading Comprehension » Prose or Drama

MCQ▾

Question

A suitable title for this passage would be-

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

Maximise Creativity

b.

Classic Case Studies

c.

Thinking Creatively

d.

Science of Invention

Passage

It is very hard to reconcile the ideas of various schools of thought on the question of education. Some people maintain that pupils at school should concentrate on a narrow range of subjects, which will benefit them directly in their subsequent careers. Other contend that they should study a wide range of subjects, so that they have not only the specialised knowledge necessary for their chosen careers but also sound general knowledge about the world they will have to work and live in. Supporters of the first theory state that the greatest contributions to civilisation are made by those who are most expert in their trade on profession. Those on the other side say that, unless that have a broad general education, the experts will be too narrow in their outlook to have sympathy with their fellows or a proper sense of responsibility towards humanity as a whole.

Question number: 266 (1 of 9 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Reading Comprehension » Prose or Drama

MCQ▾

Question

‘Contend’ in the passage means-

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

realise

b.

support

c.

quarrel

d.

wish

Question number: 267 (2 of 9 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Reading Comprehension » Prose or Drama

MCQ▾

Question

The idea of the first school of thought in the passage is that-

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

students should study all the subjects they want to

b.

students should concentrate on studies

c.

students should not undertake any specialised work

d.

students should study a few subjects that will help them in their profession

Question number: 268 (3 of 9 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Reading Comprehension » Prose or Drama

MCQ▾

Question

Supporters of the first theory say that-

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

people with general knowledge are more useful than experts

b.

experts have done nothing to help mankind

c.

people with general knowledge have contributed to civilisation

d.

experts have contributed most to progress in the modern world

Question number: 269 (4 of 9 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Reading Comprehension » Prose or Drama

MCQ▾

Question

Which is similar in meaning to the word ‘subsequent’ as used in the passage-

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

happening after something else

b.

waiting eagerly

c.

predetermined

d.

going along

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