Reading Comprehension (CTET Paper-I English): Questions 254 - 259 of 294

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Passage

Today’s youth are more intelligent and hardworking as compared to the previous generations. They have more facilities available for education and they do utilise them. But somewhere they lack proper direction. In the absence of proper guidance, young boys and girls go on increasing their academic qualifications. Some of them secure high percentage of marks whereas some of them get only average or below average marks. Since, the number of aspirants for a job is higher than the number of vacancies, most of the candidates do not get any employment. This leads to the problem of the educated unemployment and depression among the youth.

This problem of educated unemployed can be removed partly through proper guidance and counseling and partly through grooming. Young students often undervalue the advice of their parents and blindly follow the footsteps of their peers, Hence this sets in the chain of the blind leading the blind. Uneducated or semi educated parents thing of academic qualification as achievement. Young students must seeks the advice of the school counselors and select a course of studies that suit their aptitude, skills and interest. Despite pursuit of academic excellence, they must go in foe proficiency in technical field like information technology, computer, biotechnology, biochemistry and consumer services. In this way their youthful energy will get directed in the proper channel and they may get fruitful employment or become competent enough to launch their own project and they may be able to give employment to others.

Question number: 254 (7 of 9 Based on Passage) Show Passage

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MCQ▾

Question

Many young boys and girls do not get employment because-

Choices

Choice (4) Response
a.

number of aspirants out number the vacancies

b.

lack of guidance and knowledge

c.

because they are not thorough with their subjects

d.

recession

Question number: 255 (8 of 9 Based on Passage) Show Passage

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Question

To get fruitful employment-

Choices

Choice (4) Response
a.

do more of hardwork

b.

channelise their energies and skills in proper direction

c.

listen to what parents say

d.

go through counseling sessions

Question number: 256 (9 of 9 Based on Passage) Show Passage

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MCQ▾

Question

‘Students should not follow and imitate their counterparts’, find a phrase related to this meaning.

Choices

Choice (4) Response
a.

Lack of proper guidance

b.

Check privacy

c.

Chain of the blind leading the blind

d.

imitating their peers

Passage

In a cartoon, whenever someone has a bright new idea, a light bulb lights up over his head. What is the catalyst for ground breaking inventions? In his new book, the journalist Jonah Lehrer analyses some extraordinary and exceptional case studies.

The idea striked, when Arthur Fry, an engineer at 3 M, was day-dreaming in Church, thinking how irritating it was that the bookmarks he’d placed in his hymn book so frequently fell out. He, then remembered a 3 M colleague’s talk about a new glue he’d developed: a paste to feeble that it could barely hold two pieces of paper together. That weak glue, fry suddenly thought, might help him create the perfect bookmark, one that would stay put.

Elaborating such creation myths, Lehrer, a contributing editor at ‘Wired’ and contributor to ‘The New Yorker’ explains the mysteries of the imagination and the Science of innovation. Lehrer takes scientific concepts and makes them approachable to the lay reader while giving practical insights for self improvement tips along the way. With these suggestions, the book implies, you too might be able to maximise your creative output.

The 18th century philosopher David Hume, Lehrer notes, argued that invention was often an act of recombination, of compounding an idea or shifting it from one field to another. “Johannes Gutenberg transformed his knowledge of wine presses into an idea for a printing machine capable of mass producing words. George De Mestral came up with Velcro after noticing burrs clinging to the fur of his dog. In each case, Lehrer points out, “the radical concept was merely a new mixture of old ideas, ” and of thinking out of the box.

Question number: 257 (1 of 9 Based on Passage) Show Passage

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MCQ▾

Question

The word ‘catalyst’ in Para 1 means-

Choices

Choice (4) Response
a.

a person or thing that makes new light bulbs

b.

a substance that causes a chemical reaction

c.

a person or thing that causes a change

d.

a substance that develops scientific concepts

Question number: 258 (2 of 9 Based on Passage) Show Passage

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MCQ▾

Question

The example of how old ideas are mixed to create new ones is-

Choices

Choice (4) Response
a.

burns on dog fur giving rise to the idea of Velcro

b.

a printing machine capable or mass producing words

c.

printing machines transforming into wine presses

d.

observing burrs stuck on the fur of dogs

Question number: 259 (3 of 9 Based on Passage) Show Passage

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MCQ▾

Question

‘Stay put’ in Para 2 means-

Choices

Choice (4) Response
a.

be stationary

b.

remain in place

c.

joined to a place

d.

Stay like a bookmark

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