Reading Comprehension (CTET Paper-I English): Questions 226 - 230 of 294

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Passage

The fossil remains of the first flying vertebrates, the ptrerosaurs have intrigued paleontologists for more than two centuries. How such large creatures, which had wingspans from 8 to 12 meters, solved the problems of powered flight and exactly who these creatures were reptiles or birds are among the questions scientists have puzzles over.

Perhaps the least controversial assertion about the pterosaurs is that they were reptiles. Their skulls, pelvises and hind feet are reptilian. The anatomy of their wings suggests that they did not evolve into the class of birds. In pterosaurs, a greatly elongated fourth finger of each forelimb supported a wing like membrane. In birds the second finger is the principle strut of the wing. If the pterosaur walked or remained stationary, the fourth finger and with it the wing, could only turn upward in an extended inverted V-shape alongside of the animal’s body. Both the pterosaurs and the birds have hollow bones, a feature that represents a saving in weight. In the birds, however, these bones are reinforced more massively by internal struts.

Although, scales typically cover reptiles, the pterosaurs probably had hairy coats. The recent discovery of a pterosaur specimen covered in long, dense and relatively thick hair like fossil material was the first clear evidence that this reasoning was correct. Efforts to explain how the pterosaurs became air borne have led to suggestions that they launched themselves by jumping from cliffs, by dropping from trees or even by rising into light winds from the crests of waves.

Question number: 226 (5 of 9 Based on Passage) Show Passage

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MCQ▾

Question

The skeleton of a pterosaur can be differentiated from a bird by the-

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

presence of hollow bones

b.

hook like projections at the hind feet

c.

size if its wings span

d.

the anatomy of its wing span

Question number: 227 (6 of 9 Based on Passage) Show Passage

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MCQ▾

Question

The body of the pterosaurs was covered from -

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

fur

b.

scales

c.

features

d.

smooth skin

Question number: 228 (7 of 9 Based on Passage) Show Passage

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MCQ▾

Question

The elongated finger in the …. supported the outstretched wings.

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

Neither

b.

pterosaurs

c.

birds

d.

None of the above

Question number: 229 (8 of 9 Based on Passage) Show Passage

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MCQ▾

Question

It can be understood from the passage that scientists believe that the-

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

large wings help pterosaurs to fly great distances

b.

fossil remains explain how they flew

c.

pterosaurs walked on all fours

d.

hollow bones showed they evolved from bats

Passage

There was great excitement on the planet of Venus this week. For the first time Venusian scientists managed to land an unmanned spacecraft on the planet Earth and it has been sending back signals, as well as photographs ever since.

The craft was directed into an area known as Gonebay named after the great Venusain astronomer Professor Gonebay, who first discovered it with his telescope 200000 light years ago, because of the excellent information on the feasibility and extremely strong signals, Venusain scientists were able to get precious information on the feasibility of a manned spaceship’s landing on Earth. A press conference was held at the Venus Institute of Technology.

“We have come to the conclusion based on last week’s landing, Professor Bright said, “that there is no life on Earth”.

“How do you know this? ” the Science reporter of Venus Evening Standard asked.

“For one thing, Earth’s surface in the area of Gonebay is composed of deadly soil and nothing new can grow their. For another, the atmosphere is filled with carbon monoxide and other deadly gases and nobody could possibly breathe such air and survive”.

“But, Professor Bright, the photographs indicate some movement and possibly there are million of crawling beings”.

‘They may be crawling but they are not living, according to the Venusian standards. These crawling objects, called ‘human beings’ inhale and exhale such deadly gases that they lost the power to live long, long ago”.

“What will happen if the Venusians land there? “

“Certainly they will die. We shall have to take our own oxygen with us, if we are to land our people in any of the concrete jungles on Earth. “

Question number: 230 (1 of 9 Based on Passage) Show Passage

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MCQ▾

Question

Choose the correct form of reported speech for the sentence: “We have come to the conslusion” Professor Bright said, “that there is no life on Earth”

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

Professor Bright said that we have come to the conclusion that there is no life on Earth

b.

Professor Bright said that they had come to the conclusion that there was no life on Earth

c.

Professor Bright said they came to the conclusion that there was not life on Earth

d.

All of the above

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