CTET Paper-I English: Questions 31 - 37 of 294
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If you have been missing the tweeting of sparrows around your house, here’s your chance to find out why this common bird seems to have disappeared from cities across India. A two months long online survey called citizen sparrow was launched inviting responses from people on questions such as when they last sighted the bird and details regarding the area where they used to live in.
“It is an elementary step to assimilate information. We are encouraging and motivating people to share their experience, be it a drastic drop in sparrow count or a sudden spurt. These data will give us valuable leads to compile pan-India data, ” said Suhel Quader, evolutionary ecologist at the National Centre for Biological Sciences. The disappearances of the house sparrow, so widespread till recently that the Chinese communist Party declared it a pest in 1958 and asked people to exterminate it, remains a great modern mystery world wide. In the UK, sparrows are estimated to have declined from over 12 million to 6 million, since the mid 80s.
“The survey would give us the first baseline data about distribution of sparrows in the country. This would form the basis for further research, ” said Karthik K, project coordinator. The sole aim of involving ordinary citizens inspite of experts comes with a purpose. ” Almost everyone knows about sparrow. It is an attempt to reach out to people, asking them to share their stories and their understanding of these birds, ” said Quader.
Participants in the survey would be asked to mark locations on a map and give information about their sparrow sightings, including sightings from last year and even earlier. Such information will enable a comparison of population of sparrows in different places and this is expected to point to particular threats or problems. The findings are intended to provide detailed studies, investigating reasons of decline in population and potential measures for recovery of population.
The sparrow is an indicator of a trend. A number of other birds have also declined sharply in the past few decades. The survey would provide more clues about why these birds are disappearing.
Question number: 31 (7 of 9 Based on Passage) Show Passage
Question number: 32 (8 of 9 Based on Passage) Show Passage
Question number: 33 (9 of 9 Based on Passage) Show Passage
Oh, I wish I’d looked after me teeth,
And spotted the dangers beneath
All the toffees I chewed,
And the sweet sticky food.
Oh, I wish I’d looked after me teeth.
I wish I’d been that much more willin’
When I had more tooth there than fillin’
To give up gobstoppers.
From respect to me choppers,
And to buy something else with me shillin’.
When I think of the lollies I licked
And the liquorice all sorts I picked,
Sherbet dabs, big and little,
All that hard peanut brittle,
My conscience gets horribly pricked.
My mother, she told me no end,
‘If you got a tooth, you got a friend. ‘
I was young then, and careless,
My toothbrush was hairless,
I never had much time to spend.
Oh I showed them the toothpaste all right,
I flashed it about late at night,
But up and down brishin’
And pokin’ and fussin’
Didn’t seem worth the time I would bite!
If I’d known I was paving the way
To cavities, caps and decay,
The murder of fillin’s,
Injections and drillin’s,
I’d have thrown all me shebet away.
So I lie in the old dentist’s chair,
And I gaze up his nose in despair,
And his drill it do whine
In these molars of mine.
‘Two amalgam, ’ he’ll say, ‘for in there. ‘
How I laughed at my mother’s false teeth,
As they foamed in the waters beneath.
But now comes the reckonin’
It’s methey are beckonin’
Oh, I wish I’d looked after me teeth.
- Pam Ayres