CTET Paper-I English: Questions 262 - 267 of 294
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In a cartoon, whenever someone has a bright new idea, a light bulb lights up over his head. What is the catalyst for ground breaking inventions? In his new book, the journalist Jonah Lehrer analyses some extraordinary and exceptional case studies.
The idea striked, when Arthur Fry, an engineer at 3 M, was day-dreaming in Church, thinking how irritating it was that the bookmarks he’d placed in his hymn book so frequently fell out. He, then remembered a 3 M colleague’s talk about a new glue he’d developed: a paste to feeble that it could barely hold two pieces of paper together. That weak glue, fry suddenly thought, might help him create the perfect bookmark, one that would stay put.
Elaborating such creation myths, Lehrer, a contributing editor at ‘Wired’ and contributor to ‘The New Yorker’ explains the mysteries of the imagination and the Science of innovation. Lehrer takes scientific concepts and makes them approachable to the lay reader while giving practical insights for self improvement tips along the way. With these suggestions, the book implies, you too might be able to maximise your creative output.
The 18th century philosopher David Hume, Lehrer notes, argued that invention was often an act of recombination, of compounding an idea or shifting it from one field to another. “Johannes Gutenberg transformed his knowledge of wine presses into an idea for a printing machine capable of mass producing words. George De Mestral came up with Velcro after noticing burrs clinging to the fur of his dog. In each case, Lehrer points out, “the radical concept was merely a new mixture of old ideas, ” and of thinking out of the box.
Question number: 262 (6 of 9 Based on Passage) Show Passage
Question number: 263 (7 of 9 Based on Passage) Show Passage
Question number: 264 (8 of 9 Based on Passage) Show Passage
Question number: 265 (9 of 9 Based on Passage) Show Passage
It is very hard to reconcile the ideas of various schools of thought on the question of education. Some people maintain that pupils at school should concentrate on a narrow range of subjects, which will benefit them directly in their subsequent careers. Other contend that they should study a wide range of subjects, so that they have not only the specialised knowledge necessary for their chosen careers but also sound general knowledge about the world they will have to work and live in. Supporters of the first theory state that the greatest contributions to civilisation are made by those who are most expert in their trade on profession. Those on the other side say that, unless that have a broad general education, the experts will be too narrow in their outlook to have sympathy with their fellows or a proper sense of responsibility towards humanity as a whole.
Question number: 266 (1 of 9 Based on Passage) Show Passage
Question number: 267 (2 of 9 Based on Passage) Show Passage
‘Schools of thought’ can be explained as -
groups of people who study in a particular school thoughtfully
groups of people who are schooled to think
groups of people having the same ideas but with different perception on a particular subject
groups of people whose job is to think