CTET Paper-I English: Questions 256 - 261 of 294
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Today’s youth are more intelligent and hardworking as compared to the previous generations. They have more facilities available for education and they do utilise them. But somewhere they lack proper direction. In the absence of proper guidance, young boys and girls go on increasing their academic qualifications. Some of them secure high percentage of marks whereas some of them get only average or below average marks. Since, the number of aspirants for a job is higher than the number of vacancies, most of the candidates do not get any employment. This leads to the problem of the educated unemployment and depression among the youth.
This problem of educated unemployed can be removed partly through proper guidance and counseling and partly through grooming. Young students often undervalue the advice of their parents and blindly follow the footsteps of their peers, Hence this sets in the chain of the blind leading the blind. Uneducated or semi educated parents thing of academic qualification as achievement. Young students must seeks the advice of the school counselors and select a course of studies that suit their aptitude, skills and interest. Despite pursuit of academic excellence, they must go in foe proficiency in technical field like information technology, computer, biotechnology, biochemistry and consumer services. In this way their youthful energy will get directed in the proper channel and they may get fruitful employment or become competent enough to launch their own project and they may be able to give employment to others.
Question number: 256 (9 of 9 Based on Passage) Show Passage
In a cartoon, whenever someone has a bright new idea, a light bulb lights up over his head. What is the catalyst for ground breaking inventions? In his new book, the journalist Jonah Lehrer analyses some extraordinary and exceptional case studies.
The idea striked, when Arthur Fry, an engineer at 3 M, was day-dreaming in Church, thinking how irritating it was that the bookmarks he’d placed in his hymn book so frequently fell out. He, then remembered a 3 M colleague’s talk about a new glue he’d developed: a paste to feeble that it could barely hold two pieces of paper together. That weak glue, fry suddenly thought, might help him create the perfect bookmark, one that would stay put.
Elaborating such creation myths, Lehrer, a contributing editor at ‘Wired’ and contributor to ‘The New Yorker’ explains the mysteries of the imagination and the Science of innovation. Lehrer takes scientific concepts and makes them approachable to the lay reader while giving practical insights for self improvement tips along the way. With these suggestions, the book implies, you too might be able to maximise your creative output.
The 18th century philosopher David Hume, Lehrer notes, argued that invention was often an act of recombination, of compounding an idea or shifting it from one field to another. “Johannes Gutenberg transformed his knowledge of wine presses into an idea for a printing machine capable of mass producing words. George De Mestral came up with Velcro after noticing burrs clinging to the fur of his dog. In each case, Lehrer points out, “the radical concept was merely a new mixture of old ideas, ” and of thinking out of the box.
Question number: 257 (1 of 9 Based on Passage) Show Passage
Question number: 258 (2 of 9 Based on Passage) Show Passage
Question number: 259 (3 of 9 Based on Passage) Show Passage
The best summary of Para 3 is-
Lehrer explains in simple terms how creativity works and suggests practical ways to develop one’s own creativity
the author narrates creation myths and explains them to the readers to maximise their creativity
the author, a contributing editor at wired, gives scientific tips on self improvement
Lehrer, a contributing editor, gives practical advice on the mysteries of the imagination
Question number: 260 (4 of 9 Based on Passage) Show Passage
Question number: 261 (5 of 9 Based on Passage) Show Passage
The example of how old ideas are mixed to create new ones is-
burns on dog fur giving rise to the idea of Velcro
a printing machine capable or mass producing words
printing machines transforming into wine presses
observing burrs stuck on the fur of dogs