CLAT (Common Law Admission Test) Legal-Aptitude Legal Terms Revision (Page 46 of 67)

Preponderance of the Proof

As the weight of evidence increases, there is an increase in common standard of evidence in civil cases.

Presentence Report

A report which is given to the judge before he makes final judgement, regarding the background of defendant.


Declaration regarding performance of jurors which is either neutral or negative stating misdeeds done by them.

Pretermitted Child

Unborn children, to be born have no right on disposal of will. However, this is contrary in some laws.

Pretrial Conference

A talk conducted between the lawyers and judge to narrow the charges and try to settle the issue without conducting trial.

Primary Authority

Constitutions, codes, statutes, ordinances, and case law sources.

Private Law

Law applicable to the individuals who have entered into contract.


Extra benefit to one person as compared to another such as exemption, immunity etc.

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