CLAT Legal-Aptitude Tort Revision (Page 2 of 3)
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Act of God
‘Act of God’ is a defence, in the sense that the accident occurs due to some natural factors due to which loss was caused. However it is necessary that:
There must be working of natural forces.
The occurence must be… (118 more words) …
A person, is generally responsible for his own acts and is not liable for others acts. But in certain cases, liability for deeds of others arises which is known as vicarious liability. The common examples of these are
1. Principal… (333 more words) …
Tort and Crime
Tort is a private wrong and crime is a public wrong.
As tort refers to wrong done to an individual, the affected himself has to sue the other party. However he can take back his complaint as well as make… (84 more words) …
The nervous shock may be caused by words or act of the defendant. It may be done unknowingly of intentionally. The plaintiff may get this shock by either witnessing (seeing or hearing) personal injury (or an accident) or destruction of… (109 more words) …
Vicarious Liability of State
In England, under the common law the king is not liable for any wrong acts committed by him or his servants during their course of employment.
In India Article 300 of the Constitution of India governs the suability of the… (309 more words) …