CLAT (Common Law Admission Test) Legal-Aptitude Contract Law Revision (Page 3 of 5)

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Persons of Unsound Mind

A person is said to be of sound mind if at the time of making contract, he is able to understand the effects of the contract on him. A person of unsound mind can indulge into a contract when occasionally he has a sound mind. A person who is usually of sound mind but occasionall

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Disqualified Persons

Those persons whom the law does not allow to make any law. e. g. , alien enemies, foreign sovereigns and ambassadors, convicts etc.

Free Consent

A mere consent is not enough for a valid contract. A contract to be valid must have free consent, i. e. both the parties must agree to the contract on their own will i. e. consensus ad idem and not due to such factors, in which normally he might have not entered into the contra

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Coercion

The person from whom consent was obtained by coercion has the option to declare the cpntract voidable. Consent is caused by coercion, when it is obtained by

  1. committing or threatening to commit any act forbidden by the Indian Penal Code,
  2. unlawfully detaining or threatening to

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Under Influence

When the contract is being made and if one of the party has the power of dominating other and if he does so, then the consent is said to be obtained under influence.

Examples

‘A’, gave some money to his minor son B. Then due to parental influence, A asks for more money than

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