Law: Nature and Classification (CLAT Legal-Aptitude): Questions 52 - 55 of 168

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Passage

PRINCIPLES

Rules A: The State shall not discriminate, either directly or indirectly, on the grounds of sex, race, religion, caste, creed, sexual orientation, marital status, disability, pregnancy, place of birth, gender orientation or any other status.

Rules B: Direct discrimination occurs when for a reason related to one or more prohibited grounds a person or group of persons is treated less favorably than another person or another group of persons in a comparable situation.

Rules C: Indirect discrimination occurs when a provision, criterion or practice which is neutral on the fact of it would have the effect of putting persons having a status or a characteristic associate with one or more prohibited grounds at a particular disadvantage compared with other persons.

Rules D: Discrimination shall be justified when such discrimination is absolutely necessary in order to promote the well-being of disadvantaged groups, such as women, dalits, religious minorities, sexual minorities or disabled persons.

FACTS: On 2nd October 2010, the Governor of the state of Bihar ordered the release of all women prisoners who were serving sentence of less than one-year imprisonment to mark the occasion of Mahatma Gandhi’s birthday.

Question number: 52 (4 of 4 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Law: Nature and Classification

Appeared in Year: 2011

MCQ▾

Question

Is the governor’s order justified under Rule D?

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

Yes, because it is for the well-being of women prisoners.

b.

No, because it is not absolutely necessary for the well-being of women prisoners.

c.

No, because it does not promote the well-being of women prisoners of the society.

d.

All of the above

Question number: 53

» Law: Nature and Classification

Appeared in Year: 2008

MCQ▾

Question

Article 1 to Indian Constitution defines India as:

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

Union of States

b.

Federal State

c.

Unitary State

d.

Quasi-Federal State

Question number: 54

» Law: Nature and Classification

Appeared in Year: 2015

MCQ▾

Question

As per Indian Protocol, who among the following ranks highest in order of precedence?

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

Deputy Prime Minister

b.

Former President

c.

Governor of a State within his State

d.

Speaker of Lok Sabha

Question number: 55

» Law: Nature and Classification

Appeared in Year: 2015

Assertion-Reason▾

Assertion (Ꭺ)

The reservation of thirty-three percent of seats for women in Parliament and State Legislature does not require constitutional amendment.

Reason (Ꭱ)

Political parties contesting elections can allocate thirty-three percent of seats they contest to women candidates without any constitutional amendment.

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

Ꭺ is false but Ꭱ is true

b.

Both Ꭺ and Ꭱ are true but Ꭱ is NOT the correct explanation of Ꭺ

c.

Both Ꭺ and Ꭱ are true and Ꭱ is the correct explanation of Ꭺ

d.

Both Ꭺ and Ꭱ are false

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