CLAT Legal-Aptitude: Questions 135 - 137 of 1066

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Question number: 135

» Law: Nature and Classification

Appeared in Year: 2012

MCQ▾

Question

The Right to Equality is guaranteed by-

Choices

Choice (4) Response
a.

Article 14

b.

Article 14 to 18

c.

Article 14 and 15

d.

Article 14, 15 and 16

Passage

PRINCIPLES

A. The fundamental right to freedom of association includes the right to form an association as well as not join an association.

B. The fundamental right to freedom of association also includes the freedom to decide with whom to associate.

C. The fundamental right to freedom of association does not extend to the right to realize the objectives of forming the association.

D. Fundamental rights are applicable only to laws made by or administrative actions of the State and do not apply to actions of private persons.

E. Any law in contravention of fundamental rights is unconstitutional and therefore cannot bind any person.

FACTS

Gajodhar Pharmaceuticals, a private company, offered an employment contract of two years to Syed Monirul Alam. One of the clauses in the employment contract provided that Syed Monirul Alam must join Gajodhar Mazdoor Singh (GMS), one of the trade unions active in Gajodhar Pharmaceuticals.

Question number: 136 (1 of 5 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Law: Nature and Classification

Appeared in Year: 2011

MCQ▾

Question

If Parliament enacts a law that requires a trade union to open its membership to all the employees, then

Choices

Choice (4) Response
a.

Such a law would curtail the union members’ right to decide with whom they would like to associate.

b.

The law of the parliament would curtail an individual’s right not to join any association.

c.

Such a law would render the employment contract offered by Gajodhar Pharmaceuticals to Syed Monirul Alam unenforceable.

d.

Such a law would not infringe any fundamental right to freedom of association.

Question number: 137 (2 of 5 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Law: Nature and Classification

Appeared in Year: 2011

MCQ▾

Question

If Parliament enacts a law which requires every employee to join the largest trade union in their workplace mandating Syed Monirul Alam to join GMS, then:

Choices

Choice (4) Response
a.

Such a law would merely govern private action to which fundamental rights do not apply.

b.

Such a law would not curtail any individual’s right to freedom of association.

c.

Neither the employment contract, nor the law of the parliament would be enforceable as they would curtail the freedom of association.

d.

The law of parliament would violate an individual’s freedom not to join any association and therefore be unconstitutional.

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