CLAT Legal-Aptitude: Questions 979 - 981 of 1066
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Question number: 979
The famous Roman maxim in use in international law sic utere tuo ut alienum non laedas means
The law does not take account of trifles
No two laws shall be contradictorily applied
The law does not regard any one as an alien
The usage of one’s property must be such that other is not hurt
Question number: 980
Which of the following regarding reprisals is incorrect?
They are distinguishable from retorsion
They are retaliatory acts
They are legal acts
|d.||None of the above|
Question number: 981
Appeared in Year: 2016
PRINCIPLE: An independent contractor is one who is employed to do some work of his employer. He is engaged under a contract for services. He undertakes to produce a given result, and in the actual execution of the work, he is not under the direct control or following directions of his employer. He may use his own discretion in execution of the work assigned.
In general, an employer is not liable for the torts (wrongful acts) of his independent contractor. But, the employer may be held liable if he directs him to do some careless acts.
FACTS: Ramesh hired a taxi-cab to go to Delhi Airport. As he started late from his home, he kept on urging the taxi-driver to drive at a high speed and driver followed the directions; and ultimately due to high speed an accident took place causing injuries to a person.
Ramesh would not be held liable for damages because the driver was an independent contractor and not his servant.
Ramesh would be held liable for damages as he exercised the control by giving directions to the driver.
Ramesh would not be liable as car was not owned by him.
Ramesh would not be held liable for damages because Ramesh did not know the consequences of such rash driving.