CBSE (Central Board of Secondary Education- Board Exam) Class-12 Economics: Questions 178 - 183 of 523

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Question number: 178

» Consumer's Equilibrium and Demand » Consumer's Equilibrium

Appeared in Year: 2010

Essay Question▾

Describe in Detail

Using indifference curves approach, explain the conditions of consumer’s equilibrium.


Understanding Consumer’s Equilibrium by Indifference Curve Analysis:

Consumer equilibrium refers to a situation, in which a consumer derives maximum satisfaction, with no intention to change it and subject to given prices and his given income. The point of maximum satisfaction is achieved by studying indifference map and budget line together. O

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Question number: 179

» Producer Behaviour and Supply » Revenue

Appeared in Year: 2010


Following Statement is true or false:

When total revenue is constant average revenue will also be constant.

Question number: 180

» National Income and Related Aggregates » Methods of Calculating National Income » Income Method

Appeared in Year: 2006

Essay Question▾

Describe in Detail

calculate national income.

calculate national income by income method and expenditure method


Rs. (in Crores)

Private final consumption expenditure


Net capital formation


Change in stock


Compensation of employees






Operating surplus


Net indirect tax


Employers’ contribution to social security schemes


Net Exports


Net factor income from abroad


Government final consumption expenditure


Consumption of fixed capital



(A) Income method

National income = Operating surplus + Compensation of employees + Net factor income from abroad

= 720 + 1900 + (-20)

= Rs. 2600 crores

Expenditure Method = Private final consumption expenditure + Net capital formation + Government final consumption expenditure + Net exports - Net indirect tax + Net factor income from abr

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Question number: 181

» Determination of Income and Employment » Propensity to Consume and Propensity to Save

Appeared in Year: 2011

Essay Question▾

Describe in Detail

Given that national income is Rs. 80 crore and consumption expenditure Rs. 64 crore, find out average propensity to save. When income rises to Rs. 100 crore and consumption expenditure to Rs. 78 crore, what will be the average propensity to consume and the marginal propensity to consume?


National Income Y = 80

Consumption Expenditure C = 64

Average propensity to consume= =

= 0.2

Here Y = 100

C = 78

Average propensity to consume= = =0.78

Marginal propensity to consume= = = =0.7

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Question number: 182

» Producer Behaviour and Supply » Production Function

Appeared in Year: 2006

One Liner Question▾

Write in Brief

When a good is called an ‘inferior good’?

Question number: 183

» Government Budget and the Economy » Government Budget

Appeared in Year: 2010

Essay Question▾

Describe in Detail

How can Government budget be helpful in altering distribution of income in an economy? Explain.


The government complete its budgetary policy goes to distribution of income in the economy. The government goals to promote fair and right distribution of income in an economy.

This is done by taxation and expenditure policy. By its taxation policy the government taxes the higher income groups in the economy.

Purchasing power removed from hig

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