AP (Advanced Placement) World History: Questions 321 - 322 of 442

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Passage

Vijaynagar

In the year 1336 A. D. , during the reign of Edward III of England, there occurred in India an event which almost instantaneously changed the political condition of the entire south. With that date the volume of ancient history in that tract closes and the modern begins. It is the epoch of transition from the Old to the New. This event was the foundation of the city and kingdom of Vijayanagar. Prior to A. D. 1336 all Southern India had lain under the domination of the ancient Hindu kingdoms, — kingdoms so old that their origin has never been traced, but hitch are mentioned in Buddhist edicts rock-cut sixteen centuries earlier; the Pandiyans at Madura, the Cholas at Tanjore, and others. When Vijayanagar sprang into existence the past was done with forever, and the monarchs of the new state became lords or overlords of the territories lying between the Dakhan and Ceylon. There was no miracle in this. It was the natural result of the Persistent efforts made by the Muhammadans to conquer all India. When these dreaded invaders reached the Krishna River the Hindus to their south, stricken with terror, combined, and gathered in haste to the new standard which alone seemed to offer some hope of protection. The decayed old states crumbled away into nothingness, and the fighting kings of Vijayanagar became the saviours of the south for two and a half centuries.

Question 321 (1 of 3 Based on Passage)

Question

MCQ▾

Large numbers of foreign travellers visited in the Vijayanagar Empire among them Domingo Paes (1520 - 22) left a detailed references, which among the given are the reference made by Paes.

Choices

Choice (5)Response

a.

They provide detailed descriptions about the status of women in Vijayanagar, according to him the king has also women who wrestle and others who are astrologers and soothsayers.

b.

Vijayanagar is as big as Rome, its King has much treasure and many soldiers and many elephants, in this city you will find man belonging to every Nation and people.

c.

Vijayanagar as of a great extent highly populous and the seat of an active commerce in country diamond, Rubies from Pegu silks of China.

d.

Give detailed descriptions about the court the army and the condition of people.

e.

All of the above

Question 322 (2 of 3 Based on Passage)

Question

MCQ▾

The emergence of Vijayanagar Empire as a tiny state with the passage of time transform into a mighty Empire, its administration plays an important role, what are the essential feature of its administration?

Choices

Choice (5)Response

a.

Vijayanagara rulers emphasized upon the excessive centralization.

b.

Decentralization element was not witnessed under Vijayanagar Empire

c.

The Vijayanagar administration is characterized by a strong centre with the scheme of decentralization.

d.

Vijayanagar ruler only used Military officers to manage their Administration efficiently.

e.

Question does not provide sufficient data or is vague

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