AP (Advanced Placement) World History: Questions 282 - 284 of 442

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Passage

″ From (he confines of Jerusalem and the city of Constantinople a horrible tale has gone forth and very Frequently has been brought to our ears, namely, that a race from the kingdom of the Persians, an accursed race, a race utterly alienated from God, a generation forsooth which has not directed its heart and has not entrusted its spirit to God, has invaded the lands of those Christians and has depopulated them by the sword, pillage and fire; it has led away a part of the captives into its own country, and a part it has destroyed by cruel tortures; it has either entirely destroyed the churches of God or appropriated them for the rites of its own religion … The kingdom of the Greeks is now dismembered by them and deprived of territory so vast in extent that it cannot be traversed in a march of two months. On whom therefore is the labor of avenging these wrongs and of recovering this territory incumbent, if not upon you? You, upon whom above other nations God has conferred remarkable glory in arms, great courage, bodily activity, and strength to humble the hairy scalp of those who resist you.

Let the deeds of your ancestors move you and incite your minds to manly achievements; the glory and greatness of King Charles the Great, and of his son Louis, and of your other kings, who have destroyed the kingdoms of the pagans, and extended in these lands the territory of the holy church. Let the holy sepulcher of the Lord our Savior, which is possessed by unclean nations, especially incite you, and the holy places which are now treated with ignominy and irreverently polluted with their filthiness. Oh, most valiant soldiers and descendants of invincible ancestors, be not degenerate, but recall the valor of your progenitors.

Jerusalem is the navel of the world; the land is fruitful above others, like another paradise of delights.

This the Redeemer of the human race has made illustrious by his advent, has beautified by residence, has consecrated by suffering, has redeemed by death, has glorified by burial. This royal city, therefore, situated at the center of the world, is now held captive by His enemies, and is in subjection to those who do not know God, to the worship of the heathens. She seeks therefore and desires to be liberated and does not cease to implore you to come to her aid. From you especially she asks succor, because, as we have already said, God has conferred upon you above all nations՚ great glory in anus. Accordingly undertake this journey for the remission of your sins, with the assurance of the imperishable glory of the kingdom of heaven. ″ Pope Urban li. Speech at the Council of Clermont as recorded by Robert the Monk, 1095 C. E.

Question 282 (4 of 4 Based on Passage)

Question

MCQ▾

Which among the following incidents greatly motivated by the Urban՚s invocation of the Constantinople mentioned in the 1st paragraph?

Choices

Choice (5)Response

a.

The conversion of the Constantinople people to the Catholic Christianity

b.

The invasion of the Balkans by the Bulgars and the Avars.

c.

The onslaught of Anatolia by Seljuk Turks

d.

The Constantinople conquest by the armies the Caliphate of Abbasid.

e.

Question does not provide sufficient data or is vague

Question 283

Appeared in Year: 2010

Question

MCQ▾

Consider the following statement.

a. Lenin faced stiff opposition from party before launching October Revolution in 1917.

b. Lenin made no plan, how the country would be administered after power was seized.

Choose the correct option.

Choices

Choice (5)Response

a.

a only.

b.

b only.

c.

Both a. and b. are correct

d.

None of the above

e.

Question does not provide sufficient data or is vague

Passage

Tang Dynasty

Neo-Confucianism is a form of Confucianism that was primarily developed during the Song Dynasty, but which can be traced back to Han Yu and Li Ao (772 - 841) in the Tang Dynasty. It formed the basis of Confucian orthodoxy in the Qing Dynasty of China. It was a philosophy that attempted to merge certain basic elements of Confucian, Daoist, and Buddhist thought. Most important of early Neo-Confucianists was the Chinese thinker Zhu Xi (1130 - 1200) . Confucians of the Song Dynasty (960 - 1279) studied the classical works of their faith, but were also familiar with Buddhist and Taoist teachings. Buddhist thought offered to them many things that they considered worthy of admiration, including ideas such as the nature of the soul and the relation of the individual to the cosmos, ideas not yet fully explored by Confucianism.

Question 284 (1 of 3 Based on Passage)

Question

MCQ▾

In what ways Neo- Confucianism generally differ from Buddhist and Taoist beliefs?

Choices

Choice (5)Response

a.

Neo-Confucians acknowledge that an external world unconnected with the world of matter.

b.

Neo-Confucianism believes in the idea of Karma and Reincarnation.

c.

Neo-Confucianism rejected the idea of Karma and Reincarnation.

d.

None of the above

e.

All of the above

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