AP (Advanced Placement) World History: Questions 278 - 281 of 442

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Question 278

Question

MCQ▾

Consider the following statement.

a. Political instability prevailing in Germany played an important role in the rise of Hitler.

b. Emergency provisions of Weimar Republic was used by Hitler to concentrate all the powers in his hands.

Choose the correct option.

Choices

Choice (5)Response

a.

b only.

b.

a only.

c.

Both a. and b. are correct

d.

None of the above

e.

Question does not provide sufficient data or is vague

Passage

″ From (he confines of Jerusalem and the city of Constantinople a horrible tale has gone forth and very Frequently has been brought to our ears, namely, that a race from the kingdom of the Persians, an accursed race, a race utterly alienated from God, a generation forsooth which has not directed its heart and has not entrusted its spirit to God, has invaded the lands of those Christians and has depopulated them by the sword, pillage and fire; it has led away a part of the captives into its own country, and a part it has destroyed by cruel tortures; it has either entirely destroyed the churches of God or appropriated them for the rites of its own religion … The kingdom of the Greeks is now dismembered by them and deprived of territory so vast in extent that it cannot be traversed in a march of two months. On whom therefore is the labor of avenging these wrongs and of recovering this territory incumbent, if not upon you? You, upon whom above other nations God has conferred remarkable glory in arms, great courage, bodily activity, and strength to humble the hairy scalp of those who resist you.

Let the deeds of your ancestors move you and incite your minds to manly achievements; the glory and greatness of King Charles the Great, and of his son Louis, and of your other kings, who have destroyed the kingdoms of the pagans, and extended in these lands the territory of the holy church. Let the holy sepulcher of the Lord our Savior, which is possessed by unclean nations, especially incite you, and the holy places which are now treated with ignominy and irreverently polluted with their filthiness. Oh, most valiant soldiers and descendants of invincible ancestors, be not degenerate, but recall the valor of your progenitors.

Jerusalem is the navel of the world; the land is fruitful above others, like another paradise of delights.

This the Redeemer of the human race has made illustrious by his advent, has beautified by residence, has consecrated by suffering, has redeemed by death, has glorified by burial. This royal city, therefore, situated at the center of the world, is now held captive by His enemies, and is in subjection to those who do not know God, to the worship of the heathens. She seeks therefore and desires to be liberated and does not cease to implore you to come to her aid. From you especially she asks succor, because, as we have already said, God has conferred upon you above all nations՚ great glory in anus. Accordingly undertake this journey for the remission of your sins, with the assurance of the imperishable glory of the kingdom of heaven. ″ Pope Urban li. Speech at the Council of Clermont as recorded by Robert the Monk, 1095 C. E.

Question 279 (1 of 4 Based on Passage)

Question

MCQ▾

The speech provided is best comprehended in the context of which among the given options?

Choices

Choice (5)Response

a.

The Ages of new Discoveries.

b.

The incursions of Mangols the Middle East.

c.

The Crusades

d.

The Reformation of Protestant religion.

e.

None of the above

Question 280 (2 of 4 Based on Passage)

Question

MCQ▾

Urban II՚s dialogue of Jerusalem in the 3rd paragraph is best comprehended in the context of which among the given options?

Choices

Choice (5)Response

a.

Religious significance to the Pilgrimages centers.

b.

Elimination of blasphemies

c.

The re-building of the trade routes.

d.

Several developments in the sacred arts.

e.

None of the above

Question 281 (3 of 4 Based on Passage)

Question

MCQ▾

Which among the given events in the options was most directly the outcome of the speech illustrated above?

Choices

Choice (5)Response

a.

The deterioration of the Mediterranean trade routes

b.

The none success of Christian campaign in order to reclaim the Levant.

c.

The conclusive doom of the Seljuk Turks by the hands of Byzantine armies.

d.

The Latin Christians conquest of Constantinople.

e.

None of the above

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