AP (Advanced Placement) World History: Questions 250 - 252 of 442

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Passage

Buddhism, however, is no theory that the world is a concourse of fortuitous phenomena. It retained the Indian doctrines of rebirth and karma Kaima, “action,” is the law of cause and effect applied to the moral world. Every action brings its fruit, either in this life or another. It makes possible the moral government of the world without a moral governor. But action can only lead to temporary happiness or misery.

It cannot — any more than in the Christian system — bring salvation. Salvation, the freedom from the circle of birth and death, results from knowledge, and the saving knowledge which is the essence of positive Buddhist teaching consists in the four truths — the fact of suffering, the cause of suffering. The destruction of suffering. And the Noble Eightfold Path leading thereto. This is the teaching which makes Buddhism a religion. Buddhism offers not merely a philosophy, but a theory of life for those who are suffering. For the weary and heavy-laden, which has for centuries met the religious needs of a great pail of the human race. “In religion,” said Hegel. “All that awakens doubt and perplexity. All sorrow and care, all limited interests of finitude, we leave behind us on the bank and shoal of time … It is in this native land of the spirit that the waters of oblivion flow, from which it is given to Psyche to drink and forget all her sorrows.” In no religion has this been more deeply realized than

Question 250 (2 of 3 Based on Passage)

Question

MCQ▾

The Buddhism is based upon the pedagogy, life experiences of its founder?

Choices

Choice (5)Response

a.

Chandra Gupta Maurya

b.

Nataputta Mahavira, born in circa 599 BCE.

c.

Siddhartha Gautam, born in circa 563 BCE.

d.

Ashoka

e.

Question does not provide sufficient data or is vague

Question 251 (3 of 3 Based on Passage)

Question

MCQ▾

Which among the following Buddhist sect started worshiping the Buddha in Idol (image) form.

Choices

Choice (5)Response

a.

Mahayana, its followers believe in the heavenliness of Buddha and sought the salvation of all through the grace and help of Buddha and Bodhisattvas.

b.

The oldest school of Hinayana, Buddhism is the Sthavirvada (Teravada in Pali) or the doctrine of elders.

c.

Hinayana, its followers believed in the original teaching of Buddha, they sought individual salvation through self-discipline and meditations.

d.

Vaibhashika branched off another school Sautantrika which was more critical in outlook.

e.

All of the above

Passage

Japanese Political Organisation?
Japanese Political Organisation?

Question 252 (1 of 8 Based on Passage)

Question

MCQ▾

Which among the following are correct about Samurai.

Choices

Choice (5)Response

a.

Born from Zen Buddhism only

b.

Stressed frugality, loyalty, martial arts mastery, and honor until death

c.

Began in 19th Century CE

d.

Bushido a way of the warrior, written law code for samurai

e.

All of the above

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