AP (Advanced Placement) World History: Questions 229 - 231 of 442

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Question 229

Appeared in Year: 2013

Question

MCQ▾

Consider the following statement regarding unification of Schelswig and Holstein.

a. Holstein was a member of German federation and had German population.

b. Schleswig enjoyed German majority however number of Danes also live there.

Choose the correct option.

Choices

Choice (5)Response

a.

a only.

b.

b only.

c.

Both a. and b. are correct

d.

Question does not provide sufficient data or is vague

e.

None of the above

Passage

Upon this, a question arises: whether it be better to be loved than feared or feared than loved? It may be answered that one should wish to be both, but, because it is difficult to unite them in one person, it is much safer to be feared than loved, when, of the two, either must be dispensed with. Because this is to be asserted in general of men, that they are ungrateful, fickle, false, cowardly, covetous, and as long as you succeed they are yours entirely; they will offer you their blood, property, life, and children, as is said above, when the need is far distant; but when it approaches they turn against you. And that prince who, relying entirely on their promises, has neglected other precautions, is ruined; because friendships that are obtained by payments, and not by greatness or nobility of mind, may indeed be earned, but they are not secured, and in time of need cannot be relied upon; and men have less scruple in offending one who is beloved than one who is feared, for love is preserved by the link of obligation which, owing to the baseness of men, is broken at every opportunity for their advantage; but fear preserves you by a dread of punishment which never fails.

Nicolo Machiavelli, The Prince, ca. 1513 C. E.

Question 230 (1 of 3 Based on Passage)

Question

MCQ▾

The political ideology mentioned in the passage above have differed from those, which generally witnessed during the medieval the time period in which among the following means?

Choices

Choice (5)Response

a.

It ratified the belief that monarchs were rationalized in affirming their authority.

b.

It was a more practical and realistic rather than a religious or ethical ideology.

c.

It did not depend much upon vital notions of parity across all the class boundaries.

d.

It emphasized the significance of looking back to the classical yore.

e.

None of the above

Question 231 (2 of 3 Based on Passage)

Question

MCQ▾

Machiavelli՚s treatise is best comprehended in the context of which among the given following?

Choices

Choice (5)Response

a.

A period of collegial cooperation between ecclesiastical authorities and scholars in Italy

b.

A period of boosting economic prosperity among the lower section of the Italian community

c.

A period of gaining spiritual affection among the privileged Italian thinkers

d.

A period of severe political tension among warring Italian city-states and other coalitions

e.

None of the above

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