AP (Advanced Placement) World History: Questions 427 - 430 of 442

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Question 427

Appeared in Year: 2013

Question

Assertion-Reason▾

Assertion(Ꭺ)

1933 in the U. S. when Great depression going on in 1933 Franklin Roosevelt became the American president.

Reason(Ꭱ)

Franklin Roosevelt promised a “New Deal” for the American people.

Choices

Choice (5)Response

a.

Both Ꭺ and Ꭱ are true and Ꭱ is the correct explanation of Ꭺ

b.

Both Ꭺ and Ꭱ are true but Ꭱ is NOT the correct explanation of Ꭺ

c.

Ꭺ is true but Ꭱ is false

d.

Ꭺ is false but Ꭱ is true

e.

Both Ꭺ and Ꭱ are false

Passage

Source 1:

By the Grace of God, We, Nikolai II, Emperor of All the Russias, Tsar of Poland, Grand Duke of Finland, and so forth, to all our faithful subjects be it known:

In the days of a great struggle against a foreign enemy who has been endeavouring for three years to enslave our country, it pleased God to send Russia a further painful trial.

Internal troubles threatened to have a fatal effect on the further progress of this obstinate war. The destinies of Russia, the Honour of her heroic Army, the happiness of the people, and the whole future of our beloved country demand that the war should be conducted at all costs to a victorious end.

The cruel enemy is making his last efforts and the moment is near when our valiant Army, in concert with our glorious Allies, will finally overthrow the enemy.

In these decisive days in the life of Russia we have thought that we owed to our people the close union and organization of all its forces for the realization of a rapid victory; for which reason, in agreement with the Imperial Duma, we have recognized that it is for the good of the country that we should abdicate the Crown of the Russian State and lay down the Supreme Power.

Tsar Nicholas II, Abdication, March 15,1917

Source 2:

″ History will no forgive revolutionaries for procrastinating when they could be victorious today (and they certainly will be victorious today) , while they risk losing much tomorrow, in fact, the risk losing everything.

If we seize power today. We seize it not in opposition to the Soviets but on their behalf. The seizure of power is the business of the uprising; its political purpose will become clear after che seizure … . It would be an infinite crime on die part of the revolutionaries were they to let the chance sup, knowing that che salvation of the revolution, the offer of peace, the salvation of Petrograd. Salvation from famine, the transfer of the land to the peasants depends upon them.

The government is tottering. Ir must be given the death-blow at all costs. ″

Vladimir Ilyich Lenin, Call to Power, October 24,1917

Question 428 (1 of 2 Based on Passage)

Question

MCQ▾

What the chief philosophical reinforcement of Lenin has call to power was as mentioned in the 2nd Source?

Choices

Choice (5)Response

a.

Fascism

b.

Capitalism

c.

Marxism

d.

Mercantilism

e.

All of the above

Question 429 (2 of 2 Based on Passage)

Question

MCQ▾

Czar Nicholas II՚s statement of abdication as mentioned in Source 1 is best comprehended in wake of which among the following?

Choices

Choice (5)Response

a.

Widespread resentment of Nicholas compassion of political dissenters

b.

Religious minorities Persecution

c.

Economic success that nurtured hatred aginst the nobility

d.

Large-scale military casualties and bitterness

e.

None of the above

Passage

Mauryan Empire

The Mauryan Empire was the first major empire en the history of India, ruled by Maurya dynasty from 321 BC to 185 BCE, at that time, Magadh was ruled by the Nanda dynasty. Chanakya, also known as Kauhlya was a pious, learned and determined Brahman, who didn՚t have a pleasant appearance but had an intelligent brain. He managed to terminate the existing King Mahapadm Nand and his eight sons and made Chandragupta the King of Magadh who was also the legitimate heir of the throne Chandragupta founded the Mauryan Empire by overthrowing the Nanda dynasty with the help of Chanakya who was an important minister in the court of the Nanda rulers. Chanakya was ill treated by the Nanda king and he vowed to destroy their kingdom He met the young Chandragupta in the Vindhya forest Chanakya was well versed in politics and the affairs of the state He groomed Chandragupta and helped him raise and organize an any Thus, with the help of Chanakya, Chandragupta overthrew the last Nanda ruler and became the king and Chanakya became the chief minister in his court

Important rulers of this dynasty were Chandragupta Maurya, Bindusara, and King Ashoka. This empire reached its peak under King Ashoka However, this mighty empire crumbled rapidly, under its own weight, soon after the death of Ashoka.

Question 430 (1 of 3 Based on Passage)

Question

MCQ▾

The foundation of the Mauryan Empire opens a new era in the history of India In what ways?

Choices

Choice (5)Response

a.

Large scale trade with the outside world witnessed in this period.

b.

Buddhism traced its origin with the establishment of the Mauryan Empire.

c.

For the first time, it՚s achieved political unity in India.

d.

Large scale world-class architectural developments witnessed during this period.

e.

Question does not provide sufficient data or is vague

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