AP Psychology Memory, Cognition, Thinking & Language-Memory Revision (Page 1 of 2)

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Theories of Forgetting

Two main theories suggest the origin of forgetting: decay theory and interference theory.

  • Decay theory (also known as trace theory) says that as time passes by, mind tend to forget memories. This theory has been criticized stating that it is… (26 more words) …

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Stages of Memory – Short Term Memory (STM)

  • This memory in stored in mind for few seconds or minutes.
  • This memory is required so that the human can remember what work he is doing at the present moment.
  • George Miller found that short-term memory has the capacity of… (168 more words) …

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Stages of Memory – Sensory Memory

There are three stages of memory-sensory, short term, and long term. Sensory Memory

  • This memory lasts only for seconds.
  • It usually relates to the perceptions formed and the memory.
  • Iconic memory is the sensory memory for vision studied by George… (181 more words) …

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Improving Memory

The following factors make items on a list easier to learn and retrieve:

  • Acoustic dissimilarity
  • Semantic dissimilarity
  • Brevity (both in the length of the term and in the length of the list of terms to be remembered)
  • Familiarity
  • Concreteness
  • Meaning… (20 more words) …

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Stages of Memory – Long Term Memory (LTM)

  • This memory has the capability of lasting forever.
  • Most items are learned semantically, for meaning.
  • How much information has been stored in this memory can be measured by using tools such as recognition, recall, and savings.
  • Recognition helps to recall… (127 more words) …

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