AP Psychology Memory, Cognition, Thinking & Language-Memory Revision (Page 1 of 2)
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Theories of Forgetting
Two main theories suggest the origin of forgetting: decay theory and interference theory.
- Decay theory (also known as trace theory) says that as time passes by, mind tend to forget memories. This theory has been criticized stating that it is… (26 more words) …
Stages of Memory – Short Term Memory (STM)
- This memory in stored in mind for few seconds or minutes.
- This memory is required so that the human can remember what work he is doing at the present moment.
- George Miller found that short-term memory has the capacity of… (168 more words) …
Stages of Memory – Sensory Memory
There are three stages of memory-sensory, short term, and long term. Sensory Memory
- This memory lasts only for seconds.
- It usually relates to the perceptions formed and the memory.
- Iconic memory is the sensory memory for vision studied by George… (181 more words) …
The following factors make items on a list easier to learn and retrieve:
- Acoustic dissimilarity
- Semantic dissimilarity
- Brevity (both in the length of the term and in the length of the list of terms to be remembered)
- Meaning… (20 more words) …
Stages of Memory – Long Term Memory (LTM)
- This memory has the capability of lasting forever.
- Most items are learned semantically, for meaning.
- How much information has been stored in this memory can be measured by using tools such as recognition, recall, and savings.
- Recognition helps to recall… (127 more words) …