Memory, Cognition, Thinking & Language (AP (Advanced Placement) Psychology): Questions 1 - 5 of 105

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Question number: 1

» Memory, Cognition, Thinking & Language » Memory » Retrieving & Recalling

MCQ▾

Question

The distortion of memory by adding, dropping, or changing details to fit a schema is:

Choices

Choice (5) Response

a.

serial-position effect

b.

method of savings

c.

constructive recall

d.

episodic memory

e.

semantic memory

Question number: 2

» Memory, Cognition, Thinking & Language » Thinking & Cognition » Decision Making

MCQ▾

Question

A person is asked to decide on a major in school; another is asked to decide on a career. We may say that the different answers they give to broad and specific questions are because of

Choices

Choice (5) Response

a.

differences in framing.

b.

similarity in framing.

c.

differences associated with irrational personalities.

d.

base rate differences.

e.

differences in representativeness.

Question number: 3

» Memory, Cognition, Thinking & Language » Problem Solving & Creativity

MCQ▾

Question

A truck gets stuck under a bridge. Several tow-trucks are unable to pull it out. At last a little boy walks up and asks the red-faced adults trying to free the truck why they haven’t let the air out of the truck’s tires. Their oversight was due to

Choices

Choice (5) Response

a.

cognitive thinking.

b.

fixation.

c.

synesthesia.

d.

divergent thinking.

e.

cognitive style.

Question number: 4

» Memory, Cognition, Thinking & Language » Memory » Storing & Retaining

MCQ▾

Question

________ holds relatively small amount of unrehearsed information for brief period of time, usually up to about 20 seconds.

Choices

Choice (5) Response

a.

flashbulb memory

b.

long-term memory

c.

sensory memory

d.

encoding

e.

short-term memory

Question number: 5

» Memory, Cognition, Thinking & Language » Problem Solving & Creativity

MCQ▾

Question

A rigid mental set can be a barrier to problem solving. Which of the following refers to a similar barrier to problem solving?

Choices

Choice (5) Response

a.

valid reasoning

b.

divergent problem solving

c.

invalid reasoning

d.

functional fixedness

e.

oversimplification

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