History, Approaches & Research Methods (AP (Advanced Placement) Psychology): Questions 109 - 112 of 212

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Question number: 109

» History, Approaches & Research Methods » Statistics, Research Methods & Ethics » Describing Data

MCQ▾

Question

An independent variable is:

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

A variable whose value depends on that of the dependent variable

b.

The only variable of interest

c.

A variable that is independently verified

d.

The variable that is manipulated by experiment

Question number: 110

» History, Approaches & Research Methods » Approaches & Perspectives

MCQ▾

Question

What is the major difference between structuralism and functionalism?

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

Only functionalists believe in the importance of introspection.

b.

Structuralists wish to divide the mind into mental elements while functionalists believe behavior helps an organism adapt to the environment.

c.

Structuralists try to manipulate the mind in order to understand behavior, while functionalists study the conscious mind to understand behavior.

d.

Structuralists believe all behaviors stem from the evolutionary process.

Question number: 111

» History, Approaches & Research Methods » Statistics, Research Methods & Ethics » Making Inferences

MCQ▾

Question

The Hawthorne effect is best explained as:

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

Specific, testable predictions derived from a theory

b.

Expectations by the experimenter that can influence the results of an experiment

c.

The idea that subjects in an experiment will lie if the researcher tells them to

d.

The idea that people will alter their behavior because of the researchers’ attention and not because of actual treatment

Question number: 112

» History, Approaches & Research Methods » Logic, Philosophy, & History of Science

MCQ▾

Question

Which of the following represents the largest field of specialization in psychology?

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

industrial psychology

b.

clinical psychology

c.

educational psychology

d.

experimental psychology

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