History, Approaches & Research Methods (AP (Advanced Placement) Psychology): Questions 72 - 75 of 218

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Question number: 72

» History, Approaches & Research Methods » Logic, Philosophy, & History of Science

MCQ▾

Question

Which of the following early schools of psychology studied how the conscious mind helps the individual to adapt to the environment?

Choices

Choice (5) Response

a.

psychoanalysis

b.

functionalism

c.

Gestalt psychology

d.

behaviorism

e.

structuralism

Question number: 73

» History, Approaches & Research Methods » Statistics, Research Methods & Ethics » Making Inferences

MCQ▾

Question

A psychologist observes the confrontation between two rival neighborhood gangs from the window of an abandoned building. This method of collecting observations is best described as

Choices

Choice (5) Response

a.

clinical case study.

b.

controlled experimentation.

c.

naturalistic observation.

d.

field observation.

e.

experimental regression.

Question number: 74

» History, Approaches & Research Methods » Experimental, Correlation, & Clinical Research

MCQ▾

Question

An experimenter is interested in determining if there are differences in happiness, life satisfaction, and optimism between people who have been given a self-help book to read versus those who have been given a sports article to read. What is the independent variable?

Choices

Choice (5) Response

a.

life satisfaction

b.

reading material

c.

happiness

d.

optimism

e.

All of the above

Question number: 75

» History, Approaches & Research Methods » Approaches & Perspectives

MCQ▾

Question

Why is it important to study positive psychology?

Choices

Choice (5) Response

a.

It explains about learning and motivation.

b.

Negative experiences in people’s lives tell us little about people’s mental processes.

c.

We get a fuller understanding of human experience by focusing on both positive and negative aspects of life.

d.

Psychologists are only interested in the experiences of healthy persons.

e.

Psychology has been too focused on the negative.

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