History, Approaches & Research Methods (AP (Advanced Placement) Psychology): Questions 1 - 5 of 219

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Question number: 1

» History, Approaches & Research Methods » Logic, Philosophy, & History of Science

MCQ▾

Question

A common sense approach to psychology is

Choices

Choice (5) Response

a.

the basis for collecting data (observed facts).

b.

the basis for most psychological theories.

c.

the most reliable.

d.

is same as empirical evidence.

e.

often contradicted by empirical evidence.

Question number: 2

» History, Approaches & Research Methods » Statistics, Research Methods & Ethics » Making Inferences

MCQ▾

Question

An extraneous factor that inhibits the researcher’s ability to infer cause and effect relationships is known as the ________ variable.

Choices

Choice (5) Response

a.

interdependent

b.

independent

c.

dependent

d.

correlational

e.

confounding

Question number: 3

» History, Approaches & Research Methods » Statistics, Research Methods & Ethics » Making Inferences

MCQ▾

Question

A random sample can best be explained as:

Choices

Choice (5) Response

a.

A selection of cases from a larger population

b.

A selection of cases from the control group

c.

A sample that is carefully chosen so the characteristics of participants correspond to the larger population

d.

A sample of a larger population from the experimental group

e.

A sample in which each potential participant has an equal chance of being selected

Question number: 4

» History, Approaches & Research Methods » Statistics, Research Methods & Ethics » Describing Data

MCQ▾

Question

One of the limitations of the survey method is

Choices

Choice (5) Response

a.

the self-fulfilling prophecy.

b.

that replies may not be accurate.

c.

that it sets up an artificial situation.

d.

observer bias.

e.

that replies are determinant.

Question number: 5

» History, Approaches & Research Methods » Experimental, Correlation, & Clinical Research

MCQ▾

Question

A researcher determines that the crime rate in a large city fluctuates with the phases of the moon. He concludes that the gravitational pull of the moon influences human behavior. He has committed what error?

Choices

Choice (5) Response

a.

He incorrectly inferred correlation from causation.

b.

He failed to measure the gravitational pull to test his hypothesis.

c.

He explained the placebo effect.

d.

He has overlooked the placebo effect.

e.

He incorrectly inferred causation from correlation.

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