ACET (Actuarial Common Entrance Test) English: Questions 41 - 45 of 129

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Passage

It may be customary for the Union Home Minister, who is also in charge of the Department of Official Language, to make a pitch for greater use of Hindi in official work on the occasion of ‘Hindi Diwas’, observed every year on September 14. However, Home Minister Amit Shah’s remarks this year have raised the hackles of political leaders in some States that do not speak Hindi. The possible reason for the pushback from south Indian leaders to his pitch is that he went beyond the usual general remarks on promoting Hindi, and made sweeping claims that Hindi alone could unite the country, and it was the language which should become India’s “identity” globally. Embedded in his tweets as well as a speech on the occasion was a note of resentment against the continuing influence of English. The Kerala Chief Minister dismissed as absurd the claim that Hindi was a unifying force, and even saw in Mr. Shah’s remarks an attempt to trigger a controversy and to divert attention from real issues. Former Karnataka Chief Ministers Siddaramaiah and H. D. Kumaraswamy and DMK president M. K. Stalin questioned Mr. Shah’s remarks and saw in them an attempt to impose Hindi on their States. Few would disagree that imposing a language on the unwilling is hardly unifying, but could turn out to be divisive. Further, national identity cannot be linked to any one language, as it is, by definition, something that transcends linguistic and regional differences.

It is time the Centre realised that the creation of linguistic States has obviated the need for a campaign against a “foreign language” allegedly fostering a slave mentality. Regional languages have become the official languages of the States, and the continued use of English has a strong utilitarian value. While the development of Hindi is undoubtedly a constitutional command the Union government cannot ignore, the manner in which it is done should not give the impression to the States that there is creeping imposition of Hindi. It was only a few months ago that the Centre defused a controversy when it got a paragraph removed from the draft New Education Policy that indicated the mandatory teaching of Hindi. The fact that the ruling Bharatiya Janata Party is seen as a ‘Hindi-Hindu’ party that encourages unbridled homogenisation also works against it whenever such controversies emerge. It would be disastrous for the country’s famed diversity if the promotion of Hindi is considered a step towards a ‘one nation, one language’ kind of unity. Mr. Shah has spoken simultaneously about the increased use of the mother tongue, but detractors would only see it as an attempt to sugar-coat Hindi imposition and the side-lining of English. According a hegemonic role to the “most-spoken” language in the country may promote cultural homogenisation, but that is hardly desirable in a country with a diverse population, a plural ethos and is a cauldron of many languages and cultures.

Source: - https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/editorial/undesirable-anddivisive/article29433431.ece

Question number: 41 (1 of 6 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Reading Comprehension

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MCQ▾

Question

What could be one of the effects of imposing Hindi on unwilling states?

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

They may become aggressive and annoyed

b.

They may give in out of pressure but not willingness

c.

The states and their leaders might feel defensive

d.

The states could turn out to be divisive

Question number: 42 (2 of 6 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Reading Comprehension

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Question

Which among these best describes the tone of the passage?

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

Hostile

b.

Critical

c.

Solemn

d.

Neutral

Question number: 43 (3 of 6 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Reading Comprehension

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Question

What does ‘making a pitch’ in the paragraph mean?

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

Get the field ready

b.

To bid for

c.

To pave way

d.

Carve

Question number: 44 (4 of 6 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Reading Comprehension

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MCQ▾

Question

Why according to the author, the national identity cannot be linked to any one language?

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

There are many languages and it could get confusing

b.

People may feel less patriotic

c.

Nation by definition transcends linguistic and regional differences

d.

People only want their own language to prevail and it could be divisive

Question number: 45 (5 of 6 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Reading Comprehension

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MCQ▾

Question

Choose the option that best matches with the word ‘cauldron’ written in bold in terms of making the passage meaningful.

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

A situation of chaos

b.

A mixture of many things with strong emotions

c.

A situation on instability

d.

A hot bubbling issue

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