ACET (Actuarial Common Entrance Test) English: Questions 86 - 91 of 131

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Passage

The Amazon rainforest, the vessel holding a massive amount of the world՚s oxygen, is burning at a rate scientists have never seen before. The National Institute for Space Research (INPE) has recorded more than 74,000 fires so far this year – an 84 per cent increase on the same period in 2018. it՚s the highest number since records began in 2013.

In comparison, 40,136 fires burned in the region last year. The second-worst year was 2016, with 68,484 fires. The Amazon is regarded as vital in the fight against global warming due to its ability to absorb carbon from the air. it՚s often referred to as the “lungs of the Earth,” as more than 20 per cent of the world՚s oxygen is produced there. Brazil has the biggest share of the 670 million hectares of forest (60 per cent) , which is home to more species than anywhere else on the planet. But unlike in other ecosystems, scientists say the wildfires burning in the Amazon are not natural.

Deforestation is considered the major contributing factor behind the alarming numbers. Environmentalists have also put the blame on President Jair Bolsonaro, saying his policies have only threatened the forest more. While wildfires in the Amazon are not entirely uncommon, the way they are spreading is driving concern. The Amazon rainforest has been “fire-resistant” for much of its history because of its natural environment, according to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, but can go through hot spells.

Human activities — farming, mining and drilling — are what scientists say are exacerbating the situation now. In Brazil, cattle farmers start fires deliberately to clear forest to make way for ranching, and it՚s not always legal. In Mato Grosso and Para, where Brazil՚s agricultural frontier has expanded and pushed into the forest basin, more deforestation has been recorded and wildfires have increased. The World Wildlife Fund estimates that more than a quarter of the Amazon will be without trees by 2030 if the current rate of deforestation continues.

The fears surrounding deforestation have grown under Bolsonaro, who has vowed to develop the region for farming and mining since coming into office, ignoring international concern over deforestation and climate change. Data from INPE suggests that since he took power in January, deforestation numbers have soared.

Other countries working to fight climate change have started to take notice. Norway and Germany have pulled out of funding for projects to quell deforestation in Brazil. Environmental groups have also not shied away from firing back at Bolsonaro. Greenpeace called the president and his government a “threat to the climate equilibrium” and warned that Brazil would shoulder a “heavy cost” to its economy under his policies.

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Question 86 (5 of 6 Based on Passage)

Question

MCQ▾

Why has deforestation numbers soared since Jair Bolsnaro became president?

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

He has made good policies

b.

He does not care about forests

c.

He has vowed to make more space for mining and farming

d.

He is complacent towards the situation of deforestation and its effects.

Question 87 (6 of 6 Based on Passage)

Question

MCQ▾

Why is Amazon called ‘the lungs of earth’ ?

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

More than 20 % oxygen is produced here

b.

Carbon dioxide is absorbed here

c.

It reduces global warming

d.

All a., b. and c. are correct

Question 88

Question

MCQ▾

Radha: Would you like to go to the park?

Meera: ________

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

Yes, I՚d love to.

b.

Yes, Id love to.

c.

No, let՚s go.

d.

Yes, I can՚t go.

Question 89

Question

MCQ▾

The fact of the ________ is that truth always shines through the dark times, at one point of time or the other.

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

Matter

b.

Problem

c.

Truth

d.

Point

Question 90

Question

MCQ▾

What ________ explaining is purely her own interpretation of how it works.

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

She՚s

b.

She has

c.

Shes

d.

She were

Question 91

Question

MCQ▾

I heard that you have a thesis to be submitted at the college. Isn՚t it called a ________ as well?

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

Dissertation

b.

Dessert

c.

Desecration

d.

Dissert

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